4EVG

Crystal Structure of MIF L46A mutant


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.7 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.214 
  • R-Value Work: 0.178 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Characterization of molecular determinants of the conformational stability of macrophage migration inhibitory factor: leucine 46 hydrophobic pocket.

El-Turk, F.Fauvet, B.Ashrafi, A.Ouertatani-Sakouhi, H.Cho, M.K.Neri, M.Cascella, M.Rothlisberger, U.Pojer, F.Zweckstetter, M.Lashuel, H.

(2012) Plos One 7: e45024-e45024

  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0045024
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Macrophage Migration Inhibitory Factor (MIF) is a key mediator of inflammatory responses and innate immunity and has been implicated in the pathogenesis of several inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. The oligomerization of MIF, more specifically tr ...

    Macrophage Migration Inhibitory Factor (MIF) is a key mediator of inflammatory responses and innate immunity and has been implicated in the pathogenesis of several inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. The oligomerization of MIF, more specifically trimer formation, is essential for its keto-enol tautomerase activity and probably mediates several of its interactions and biological activities, including its binding to its receptor CD74 and activation of certain signaling pathways. Therefore, understanding the molecular factors governing the oligomerization of MIF and the role of quaternary structure in modulating its structural stability and multifunctional properties is crucial for understanding the function of MIF in health and disease. Herein, we describe highly conserved intersubunit interactions involving the hydrophobic packing of the side chain of Leu46 onto the β-strand β3 of one monomer within a hydrophobic pocket from the adjacent monomer constituted by residues Arg11, Val14, Phe18, Leu19, Val39, His40, Val41, Val42, and Pro43. To elucidate the structural significance of these intersubunit interactions and their relative contribution to MIF's trimerization, structural stability and catalytic activity, we generated three point mutations where Leu46 was replaced by glycine (L46G), alanine (L46A) and phenylalanine (L46F), and their structural properties, stability, oligomerization state, and catalytic activity were characterized using a battery of biophysical methods and X-ray crystallography. Our findings provide new insights into the role of the Leu46 hydrophobic pocket in stabilizing the conformational state of MIF in solution. Disrupting the Leu46 hydrophobic interaction perturbs the secondary and tertiary structure of the protein but has no effect on its oligomerization state.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Laboratory of Molecular and Chemical Biology of Neurodegeneration, Department of Life Sciences, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Lausanne, Switzerland.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor
A, B, C
114Homo sapiensMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: MIF (GLIF, MMIF)
EC: 5.3.2.1
Find proteins for P14174 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: MIF
Go to UniProtKB:  P14174
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SO4
Query on SO4

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.7 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.214 
  • R-Value Work: 0.178 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 67.958α = 90.00
b = 69.012β = 90.00
c = 89.164γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
XDSdata reduction
PHASERphasing
XDSdata scaling
REFMACrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2012-10-03
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2013-07-24
    Type: Database references