4EHW

Crystal structure of LpxK from Aquifex aeolicus at 2.3 angstrom resolution


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.3 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.263 
  • R-Value Work: 0.228 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.0 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Crystal structure of LpxK, the 4'-kinase of lipid A biosynthesis and atypical P-loop kinase functioning at the membrane interface.

Emptage, R.P.Daughtry, K.D.Pemble, C.W.Raetz, C.R.

(2012) Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.USA 109: 12956-12961

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1206072109
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • In Gram-negative bacteria, the hydrophobic anchor of the outer membrane lipopolysaccharide is lipid A, a saccharolipid that plays key roles in both viability and pathogenicity of these organisms. The tetraacyldisaccharide 4'-kinase (LpxK) of the dive ...

    In Gram-negative bacteria, the hydrophobic anchor of the outer membrane lipopolysaccharide is lipid A, a saccharolipid that plays key roles in both viability and pathogenicity of these organisms. The tetraacyldisaccharide 4'-kinase (LpxK) of the diverse P-loop-containing nucleoside triphosphate hydrolase superfamily catalyzes the sixth step in the biosynthetic pathway of lipid A, and is the only known P-loop kinase to act upon a lipid substrate at the membrane. Here, we report the crystal structures of apo- and ADP/Mg(2+)-bound forms of Aquifex aeolicus LpxK to a resolution of 1.9 Å and 2.2 Å, respectively. LpxK consists of two α/β/α sandwich domains connected by a two-stranded β-sheet linker. The N-terminal domain, which has most structural homology to other family members, is responsible for catalysis at the P-loop and positioning of the disaccharide-1-phosphate substrate for phosphoryl transfer on the inner membrane. The smaller C-terminal domain, a substructure unique to LpxK, helps bind the nucleotide substrate and Mg(2+) cation using a 25° hinge motion about its base. Activity was severely reduced in alanine point mutants of conserved residues D138 and D139, which are not directly involved in ADP or Mg(2+) binding in our structures, indicating possible roles in phosphoryl acceptor positioning or catalysis. Combined structural and kinetic studies have led to an increased understanding of the enzymatic mechanism of LpxK and provided the framework for structure-based antimicrobial design.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry and Human Vaccine Institute, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Tetraacyldisaccharide 4'-kinase
A
317Aquifex aeolicus (strain VF5)Gene Names: lpxK
EC: 2.7.1.130
Membrane protein
mpstruct
Group: 
MONOTOPIC MEMBRANE PROTEINS
Sub Group: 
Hydrolases
Protein: 
LpxK, the 4'-kinase of lipid A biosynthesis
Find proteins for O67572 (Aquifex aeolicus (strain VF5))
Go to UniProtKB:  O67572
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
GOL
Query on GOL

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
GLYCEROL
GLYCERIN; PROPANE-1,2,3-TRIOL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MPD
Query on MPD

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
(4S)-2-METHYL-2,4-PENTANEDIOL
C6 H14 O2
SVTBMSDMJJWYQN-YFKPBYRVSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.3 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.263 
  • R-Value Work: 0.228 
  • Space Group: P 41 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 101.191α = 90.00
b = 101.191β = 90.00
c = 131.904γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
d*TREKdata scaling
StructureStudiodata collection
SOLVEphasing
d*TREKdata reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2012-08-29
    Type: Initial release