Crystal structure and chitin oligosaccharide-binding mode of a 'loopful' family GH19 chitinase from rye, Secale cereale, seedsOhnuma, T., Numata, T., Osawa, T., Inanaga, H., Okazaki, Y., Shinya, S., Kondo, K., Fukuda, T., Fukamizo, T.
(2012) Febs J. 279: 3639-3651
- PubMed: 22831795
- DOI: 10.1111/j.1742-4658.2012.08723.x
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
The substrate-binding mode of a 26-kDa GH19 chitinase from rye, Secale cereale, seeds (RSC-c) was investigated by crystallography, site-directed mutagenesis and NMR spectroscopy. The crystal structure of RSC-c in a complex with an N-acetylglucosamine ...
The substrate-binding mode of a 26-kDa GH19 chitinase from rye, Secale cereale, seeds (RSC-c) was investigated by crystallography, site-directed mutagenesis and NMR spectroscopy. The crystal structure of RSC-c in a complex with an N-acetylglucosamine tetramer, (GlcNAc)(4) , was successfully solved, and revealed the binding mode of the tetramer to be an aglycon-binding site, subsites +1, +2, +3, and +4. These are the first crystallographic data showing the oligosaccharide-binding mode of a family GH19 chitinase. From HPLC analysis of the enzymatic reaction products, mutation of Trp72 to alanine was found to affect the product distribution obtained from the substrate, p-nitrophenyl penta-N-acetyl-β-chitopentaoside. Mutational experiments confirmed the crystallographic finding that the Trp72 side chain interacts with the +4 moiety of the bound substrate. To further confirm the crystallographic data, binding experiments were also conducted in solution using NMR spectroscopy. Several signals in the (1) H-(15) N HSQC spectrum of the stable isotope-labeled RSC-c were affected upon addition of (GlcNAc)(4) . Signal assignments revealed that most signals responsive to the addition of (GlcNAc)(4) are derived from amino acids located at the surface of the aglycon-binding site. The binding mode deduced from NMR binding experiments in solution was consistent with that from the crystal structure.
Department of Advanced Bioscience, Kinki University, Nara, Japan Biomedical Research Institute, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Tsukuba, Japan.