4DRV

Cell attachment protein VP8* of a human rotavirus specifically interacts with A-type histo-blood group antigen


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.56 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.178 
  • R-Value Work: 0.150 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Cell attachment protein VP8* of a human rotavirus specifically interacts with A-type histo-blood group antigen.

Hu, L.Crawford, S.E.Czako, R.Cortes-Penfield, N.W.Smith, D.F.Le Pendu, J.Estes, M.K.Prasad, B.V.

(2012) Nature 485: 256-259

  • DOI: 10.1038/nature10996
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • As with many other viruses, the initial cell attachment of rotaviruses, which are the major causative agent of infantile gastroenteritis, is mediated by interactions with specific cellular glycans. The distally located VP8* domain of the rotavirus sp ...

    As with many other viruses, the initial cell attachment of rotaviruses, which are the major causative agent of infantile gastroenteritis, is mediated by interactions with specific cellular glycans. The distally located VP8* domain of the rotavirus spike protein VP4 (ref. 5) mediates such interactions. The existing paradigm is that 'sialidase-sensitive' animal rotavirus strains bind to glycans with terminal sialic acid (Sia), whereas 'sialidase-insensitive' human rotavirus strains bind to glycans with internal Sia such as GM1 (ref. 3). Although the involvement of Sia in the animal strains is firmly supported by crystallographic studies, it is not yet known how VP8* of human rotaviruses interacts with Sia and whether their cell attachment necessarily involves sialoglycans. Here we show that VP8* of a human rotavirus strain specifically recognizes A-type histo-blood group antigen (HBGA) using a glycan array screen comprised of 511 glycans, and that virus infectivity in HT-29 cells is abrogated by anti-A-type antibodies as well as significantly enhanced in Chinese hamster ovary cells genetically modified to express the A-type HBGA, providing a novel paradigm for initial cell attachment of human rotavirus. HBGAs are genetically determined glycoconjugates present in mucosal secretions, epithelia and on red blood cells, and are recognized as susceptibility and cell attachment factors for gastric pathogens like Helicobacter pylori and noroviruses. Our crystallographic studies show that the A-type HBGA binds to the human rotavirus VP8* at the same location as the Sia in the VP8* of animal rotavirus, and suggest how subtle changes within the same structural framework allow for such receptor switching. These results raise the possibility that host susceptibility to specific human rotavirus strains and pathogenesis are influenced by genetically controlled expression of different HBGAs among the world's population.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Verna and Marrs McLean Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas 77030, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Outer capsid protein VP4
A
163Rotavirus spMutation(s): 0 
Find proteins for Q86169 (Rotavirus sp)
Go to UniProtKB:  Q86169
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
FUC
Query on FUC

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
ALPHA-L-FUCOSE
C6 H12 O5
SHZGCJCMOBCMKK-SXUWKVJYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
A2G
Query on A2G

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
N-ACETYL-2-DEOXY-2-AMINO-GALACTOSE
C8 H15 N O6
OVRNDRQMDRJTHS-CBQIKETKSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
GLA
Query on GLA

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
ALPHA D-GALACTOSE
C6 H12 O6
WQZGKKKJIJFFOK-PHYPRBDBSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.56 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.178 
  • R-Value Work: 0.150 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 43.720α = 90.00
b = 35.220β = 95.45
c = 43.990γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2012-04-11
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2012-05-23
    Type: Database references