4DQ7

Structural Investigation of Bacteriophage Phi6 Lysin (V207F mutant)


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.40 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.198 
  • R-Value Work: 0.175 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.178 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Selective pressure causes an RNA virus to trade reproductive fitness for increased structural and thermal stability of a viral enzyme.

Dessau, M.Goldhill, D.McBride, R.McBride, R.L.Turner, P.E.Modis, Y.

(2012) PLoS Genet 8: e1003102-e1003102

  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1003102
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    4DQ5, 4DQ7, 4DQJ

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The modulation of fitness by single mutational substitutions during environmental change is the most fundamental consequence of natural selection. The antagonistic tradeoffs of pleiotropic mutations that can be selected under changing environments th ...

    The modulation of fitness by single mutational substitutions during environmental change is the most fundamental consequence of natural selection. The antagonistic tradeoffs of pleiotropic mutations that can be selected under changing environments therefore lie at the foundation of evolutionary biology. However, the molecular basis of fitness tradeoffs is rarely determined in terms of how these pleiotropic mutations affect protein structure. Here we use an interdisciplinary approach to study how antagonistic pleiotropy and protein function dictate a fitness tradeoff. We challenged populations of an RNA virus, bacteriophage Φ6, to evolve in a novel temperature environment where heat shock imposed extreme virus mortality. A single amino acid substitution in the viral lysin protein P5 (V207F) favored improved stability, and hence survival of challenged viruses, despite a concomitant tradeoff that decreased viral reproduction. This mutation increased the thermostability of P5. Crystal structures of wild-type, mutant, and ligand-bound P5 reveal the molecular basis of this thermostabilization--the Phe207 side chain fills a hydrophobic cavity that is unoccupied in the wild-type--and identify P5 as a lytic transglycosylase. The mutation did not reduce the enzymatic activity of P5, suggesting that the reproduction tradeoff stems from other factors such as inefficient capsid assembly or disassembly. Our study demonstrates how combining experimental evolution, biochemistry, and structural biology can identify the mechanisms that drive the antagonistic pleiotropic phenotypes of an individual point mutation in the classic evolutionary tug-of-war between survival and reproduction.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Membrane protein Phi6 P5AB173Pseudomonas virus phi6Mutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: P5P5ap5a
Find proteins for Q283U5 (Pseudomonas phage phi6)
Explore Q283U5 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q283U5
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.40 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.198 
  • R-Value Work: 0.175 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.178 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 62.12α = 90
b = 68.722β = 90
c = 89.893γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
SCALEPACKdata scaling
PHENIXrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2013-01-02
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2017-02-01
    Changes: Database references