4DG1

Crystal structure of HIV-1 reverse transcriptase (RT) with polymorphism mutation K172A and K173A


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.15 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.247 
  • R-Value Work: 0.232 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.233 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

HIV-1 Reverse Transcriptase (RT) Polymorphism 172K Suppresses the Effect of Clinically Relevant Drug Resistance Mutations to Both Nucleoside and Non-nucleoside RT Inhibitors.

Hachiya, A.Marchand, B.Kirby, K.A.Michailidis, E.Tu, X.Palczewski, K.Ong, Y.T.Li, Z.Griffin, D.T.Schuckmann, M.M.Tanuma, J.Oka, S.Singh, K.Kodama, E.N.Sarafianos, S.G.

(2012) J Biol Chem 287: 29988-29999

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M112.351551
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    4DG1

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Polymorphisms have poorly understood effects on drug susceptibility and may affect the outcome of HIV treatment. We have discovered that an HIV-1 reverse transcriptase (RT) polymorphism (RT(172K)) is present in clinical samples and in widely used laborat ...

    Polymorphisms have poorly understood effects on drug susceptibility and may affect the outcome of HIV treatment. We have discovered that an HIV-1 reverse transcriptase (RT) polymorphism (RT(172K)) is present in clinical samples and in widely used laboratory strains (BH10), and it profoundly affects HIV-1 susceptibility to both nucleoside (NRTIs) and non-nucleoside RT inhibitors (NNRTIs) when combined with certain mutations. Polymorphism 172K significantly suppressed zidovudine resistance caused by excision (e.g. thymidine-associated mutations) and not by discrimination mechanism mutations (e.g. Q151M complex). Moreover, it attenuated resistance to nevirapine or efavirenz imparted by NNRTI mutations. Although 172K favored RT-DNA binding at an excisable pre-translocation conformation, it decreased excision by thymidine-associated mutation-containing RT. 172K affected DNA handling and decreased RT processivity without significantly affecting the k(cat)/K(m) values for dNTP. Surface plasmon resonance experiments revealed that RT(172K) decreased DNA binding by increasing the dissociation rate. Hence, the increased zidovudine susceptibility of RT(172K) results from its increased dissociation from the chain-terminated DNA and reduced primer unblocking. We solved a high resolution (2.15 Å) crystal structure of RT mutated at 172 and compared crystal structures of RT(172R) and RT(172K) bound to NNRTIs or DNA/dNTP. Our structural analyses highlight differences in the interactions between α-helix E (where 172 resides) and the active site β9-strand that involve the YMDD loop and the NNRTI binding pocket. Such changes may increase dissociation of DNA, thus suppressing excision-based NRTI resistance and also offset the effect of NNRTI resistance mutations thereby restoring NNRTI binding.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Christopher S. Bond Life Sciences Center, Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, University of Missouri School of Medicine, Columbia, MO 65211, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Reverse Transcriptase P66 subunit A549Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 BH10Mutation(s): 3 
Gene Names: gag-pol
EC: 2.7.7.49 (PDB Primary Data), 2.7.7.7 (PDB Primary Data), 3.4.23.16 (UniProt), 3.1.26.13 (UniProt), 3.1.13.2 (UniProt), 2.7.7 (UniProt), 3.1 (UniProt)
Find proteins for P03366 (Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 group M subtype B (isolate BH10))
Explore P03366 
Go to UniProtKB:  P03366
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Reverse Transcriptase P51 subunit B427Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 BH10Mutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: gag-pol
EC: 2.7.7.49 (PDB Primary Data), 2.7.7.7 (PDB Primary Data), 3.4.23.16 (UniProt), 3.1.26.13 (UniProt), 3.1.13.2 (UniProt), 2.7.7 (UniProt), 3.1 (UniProt)
Find proteins for P03366 (Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 group M subtype B (isolate BH10))
Explore P03366 
Go to UniProtKB:  P03366
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
GOL
Query on GOL

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
A, B
GLYCEROL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
EDO
Query on EDO

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
A, B
1,2-ETHANEDIOL
C2 H6 O2
LYCAIKOWRPUZTN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MG
Query on MG

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
A, B
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.15 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.247 
  • R-Value Work: 0.232 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.233 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 159.23α = 90
b = 72.15β = 97.52
c = 109.24γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
SCALAdata scaling
PHENIXrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
ADSCdata collection
MOSFLMdata reduction
PHASERphasing
CNSrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2012-06-20
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2012-07-25
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2012-09-12
    Changes: Database references