4DCP

Crystal Structure of caspase 3, L168F mutant


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.7 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.218 
  • R-Value Work: 0.199 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.0 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Molecular insight into the role of the leucine residue on the L2 loop in the catalytic activity of caspases 3 and 7

Kang, H.J.Lee, Y.M.Jeong, M.S.Kim, M.Bae, K.H.Kim, S.J.Chung, S.J.

(2012) Biosci.Rep. 32: 305-313

  • DOI: 10.1042/BSR20120009
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Various apoptotic signals can activate caspases 3 and 7 by triggering the L2 loop cleavage of their proenzymes. These two enzymes have highly similar structures and functions, and serve as apoptotic executioners. The structures of caspase 7 and proca ...

    Various apoptotic signals can activate caspases 3 and 7 by triggering the L2 loop cleavage of their proenzymes. These two enzymes have highly similar structures and functions, and serve as apoptotic executioners. The structures of caspase 7 and procaspase 7 differ significantly in the conformation of the loops constituting the active site, indicating that the enzyme undergoes a large structural change during activation. To define the role of the leucine residue on the L2 loop, which shows the largest movement during enzyme activation but has not yet been studied, Leu168 of caspase 3 and Leu191 of caspase 7 were mutated. Kinetic analysis indicated that the mutation of the leucine residues sometimes improved the Km but also greatly decreased the kcat, resulting in an overall decrease in enzyme activity. The tryptophan fluorescence change at excitation/emission = 280/350 nm upon L2-L2' loop cleavage was found to be higher in catalytically active mutants, including the corresponding wild-type caspase, than in the inactive mutants. The crystal structures of the caspase 3 mutants were solved and compared with that of wild-type. Significant alterations in the conformations of the L1 and L4 loops were found. These results indicate that the leucine residue on the L2 loop has an important role in maintaining the catalytic activity of caspases 3 and 7.


    Organizational Affiliation

    BioNanotechnology Research Center, KRIBB, Yuseong, Daejeon, 305-806, Korea.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Caspase-3 subunit p17
A, D
147Homo sapiensMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: CASP3 (CPP32)
EC: 3.4.22.56
Find proteins for P42574 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: CASP3
Go to UniProtKB:  P42574
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Caspase-3 subunit p12
B, E
108Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: CASP3 (CPP32)
EC: 3.4.22.56
Find proteins for P42574 (Homo sapiens)
Go to Gene View: CASP3
Go to UniProtKB:  P42574
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Caspase Inhibitor AC-DEVD-CHO
C, F
5N/AMutation(s): 0 
Protein Feature View is not available: No corresponding UniProt sequence found.
Small Molecules
Biologically Interesting Molecules 1 Unique
IDChainsNameType/Class2D Diagram3D Interactions
PRD_000422
Query on PRD_000422
C,FAc-Asp-Glu-Val-Asp-AldehydePeptide-like / Inhibitor

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Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.7 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.218 
  • R-Value Work: 0.199 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 50.182α = 90.00
b = 68.245β = 101.84
c = 94.048γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CNSrefinement
ADSCdata collection
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
PHASERphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2012-12-12
    Type: Initial release