4CRX

ASYMMETRIC DNA-BENDING IN THE CRE-LOXP SITE-SPECIFIC RECOMBINATION SYNAPSE


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.20 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.251 
  • R-Value Work: 0.213 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.213 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Asymmetric DNA bending in the Cre-loxP site-specific recombination synapse.

Guo, F.Gopaul, D.N.Van Duyne, G.D.

(1999) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 96: 7143-7148

  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    4CRX, 5CRX

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Cre recombinase catalyzes site-specific recombination between two 34-bp loxP sites in a variety of DNA substrates. At the start of the recombination pathway, the loxP sites are each bound by two recombinase molecules, and synapsis of the sites is mediated by Cre-Cre interactions ...

    Cre recombinase catalyzes site-specific recombination between two 34-bp loxP sites in a variety of DNA substrates. At the start of the recombination pathway, the loxP sites are each bound by two recombinase molecules, and synapsis of the sites is mediated by Cre-Cre interactions. We describe the structures of synaptic complexes formed between a symmetrized loxP site and two Cre mutants that are defective in strand cleavage. The DNA in these complexes is bent sharply at a single base pair step at one end of the crossover region in a manner that is atypical of protein-induced DNA bends. A large negative roll (-49 degrees) and a positive tilt (16 degrees) open the major groove toward the center of the synapse and compress the minor groove toward the protein-DNA interface. The bend direction of the site appears to determine which of the two DNA substrate strands will be cleaved and exchanged in the initial stages of the recombination pathway. These results provide a structural basis for the observation that exchange of DNA strands proceeds in a defined order in some tyrosine recombinase systems. The Cre-loxS synaptic complex structure supports a model in which synapsis of the loxP sites results in formation of a Holliday junction-like DNA architecture that is maintained through the initial cleavage and strand exchange steps in the site-specific recombination pathway.


    Related Citations: 
    • Structure of Cre recombinase complexed with DNA in a site-specific recombination synapse.
      Guo, F., Gopaul, D.N., van Duyne, G.D.
      (1997) Nature 389: 40

    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics and Johnson Research Foundation, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA.



Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
PROTEIN (CRE RECOMBINASE)C [auth A], D [auth B]322Escherichia virus P1Mutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: cre
UniProt
Find proteins for P06956 (Escherichia phage P1)
Explore P06956 
Go to UniProtKB:  P06956
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Find similar nucleic acids by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganismImage
DNA (35 NUCLEOTIDE CRE RECOGNITION SITE)A [auth C], B [auth D]35N/A
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.20 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.251 
  • R-Value Work: 0.213 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.213 
  • Space Group: C 2 2 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 108.8α = 90
b = 122.1β = 90
c = 181γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
X-PLORmodel building
X-PLORrefinement
MOSFLMdata reduction
CCP4data scaling
X-PLORphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 1999-06-14
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2007-10-16
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.3: 2019-11-27
    Changes: Database references