Synthesis of P1'-Functionalized Macrocyclic Transition-State Mimicking HIV-1 Protease Inhibitors Encompassing a Tertiary Alcohol.De Rosa, M., Unge, J., Motwani, H.V., Rosenquist, A., Vrang, L., Wallberg, H., Larhed, M.
(2014) J Med Chem 57: 6444
- PubMed: 25054811
- DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/jm500434q
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
4COE, 4CP7, 4CPQ, 4CPR, 4CPS, 4CPT, 4CPU, 4CPW, 4CPX
- PubMed Abstract:
Seven novel tertiary alcohol containing linear HIV-1 protease inhibitors (PIs), decorated at the para position of the benzyl group in the P1' side with (hetero)aromatic moieties, were synthesized and biologically evaluated. To study the inhibition and antiviral activity effect of P1-P3 macrocyclization, 14- and 15-membered macrocyclic PIs were prepared by ring-closing metathesis of the corresponding linear PIs. The macrocycles were more active than the linear precursors and compound 10f, with a 2-thiazolyl group in the P1' position, was the most potent PI of this new series (Ki 2.2 nM, EC50 0.2 μM). Co-crystallized complexes of both linear and macrocyclic PIs with the HIV-1 protease enzyme were prepared and analyzed.
Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Organic Pharmaceutical Chemistry, BMC, Uppsala University , P.O. Box 574, SE-751 23 Uppsala, Sweden.