4CDN

Crystal structure of M. mazei photolyase with its in vivo reconstituted 8-HDF antenna chromophore


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.9 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.178 
  • R-Value Work: 0.149 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structural and Evolutionary Aspects of Antenna Chromophore Usage by Class II Photolyases.

Kiontke, S.Gnau, P.Haselsberger, R.Batschauer, A.Essen, L.

(2014) J.Biol.Chem. 289: 19659

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M113.542431
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Light-harvesting and resonance energy transfer to the catalytic FAD cofactor are key roles for the antenna chromophores of light-driven DNA photolyases, which remove UV-induced DNA lesions. So far, five chemically diverse chromophores have been descr ...

    Light-harvesting and resonance energy transfer to the catalytic FAD cofactor are key roles for the antenna chromophores of light-driven DNA photolyases, which remove UV-induced DNA lesions. So far, five chemically diverse chromophores have been described for several photolyases and related cryptochromes, but no correlation between phylogeny and used antenna has been found. Despite a common protein topology, structural analysis of the distantly related class II photolyase from the archaeon Methanosarcina mazei (MmCPDII) as well as plantal orthologues indicated several differences in terms of DNA and FAD binding and electron transfer pathways. For MmCPDII we identify 8-hydroxydeazaflavin (8-HDF) as cognate antenna by in vitro and in vivo reconstitution, whereas the higher plant class II photolyase from Arabidopsis thaliana fails to bind any of the known chromophores. According to the 1.9 Å structure of the MmCPDII·8-HDF complex, its antenna binding site differs from other members of the photolyase-cryptochrome superfamily by an antenna loop that changes its conformation by 12 Å upon 8-HDF binding. Additionally, so-called N- and C-motifs contribute as conserved elements to the binding of deprotonated 8-HDF and allow predicting 8-HDF binding for most of the class II photolyases in the whole phylome. The 8-HDF antenna is used throughout the viridiplantae ranging from green microalgae to bryophyta and pteridophyta, i.e. mosses and ferns, but interestingly not in higher plants. Overall, we suggest that 8-hydroxydeazaflavin is a crucial factor for the survival of most higher eukaryotes which depend on class II photolyases to struggle with the genotoxic effects of solar UV exposure.


    Organizational Affiliation

    From the Biomedical Research Centre/FB15, Unit for Structural Biochemistry, Philipps-University, Hans-Meerwein-Strasse, D-35032 Marburg, Germany.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DEOXYRIBODIPYRIMIDINE PHOTOLYASE
A, B
482Methanosarcina mazei (strain ATCC BAA-159 / DSM 3647 / Goe1 / Go1 / JCM 11833 / OCM 88)Mutation(s): 0 
EC: 4.1.99.3
Find proteins for Q8PYK9 (Methanosarcina mazei (strain ATCC BAA-159 / DSM 3647 / Goe1 / Go1 / JCM 11833 / OCM 88))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q8PYK9
Small Molecules
Ligands 6 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SO4
Query on SO4

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A, B
SULFATE ION
O4 S
QAOWNCQODCNURD-UHFFFAOYSA-L
 Ligand Interaction
FAD
Query on FAD

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A, B
FLAVIN-ADENINE DINUCLEOTIDE
C27 H33 N9 O15 P2
VWWQXMAJTJZDQX-UYBVJOGSSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
GOL
Query on GOL

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A, B
GLYCEROL
GLYCERIN; PROPANE-1,2,3-TRIOL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
PGE
Query on PGE

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A
TRIETHYLENE GLYCOL
C6 H14 O4
ZIBGPFATKBEMQZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
FO1
Query on FO1

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A, B
1-deoxy-1-(8-hydroxy-2,4-dioxo-3,4-dihydropyrimido[4,5-b]quinolin-10(2H)-yl)-D-ribitol
7,8-didemethyl-8-hydroxy-5-deazariboflavin
C16 H17 N3 O7
AUEILLWDYUBWCM-XQQFMLRXSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
PEG
Query on PEG

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A
DI(HYDROXYETHYL)ETHER
C4 H10 O3
MTHSVFCYNBDYFN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.9 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.178 
  • R-Value Work: 0.149 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 78.970α = 90.00
b = 114.740β = 90.00
c = 141.360γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHASERphasing
XDSdata reduction
XSCALEdata scaling
REFMACrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2014-05-21
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2014-06-04
    Type: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2014-08-13
    Type: Database references