Structural Basis of Sufu-GLI Interaction in Hedgehog Signalling RegulationCherry, A.L., Finta, C., Karlstrom, M., Jin, Q., Schwend, T., Astorga-Wells, J., Zubarev, R.A., Del Campo, M., Criswell, A.R., De Sanctis, D., Jovine, L., Toftgard, R.
(2013) Acta Crystallogr.,Sect.D 69: 2579
- PubMed: 24311597
- DOI: 10.1107/S0907444913028473
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:  4BL8, 4BL9, 4BLA, 4BLB
- PubMed Abstract:
- Genetic Elimination of Suppressor of Fused Reveals an Essential Repressor Function in the Mammalian Hedgehog Signaling Pathway.
Svard, J.,Heby-Henricson, K.,Persson-Lek, M.,Rozell, B.,Lauth, M.,Bergstrom, A.,Ericson, J.,Toftgard, R.,Teglund, S.
(2006) Dev.Cell 10: 187
- Mammalian Suppressor-of-Fused Modulates Nuclear-Cytoplasmic Shuttling of GLI-1.
Kogerman, P.,Grimm, T.,Kogerman, L.,Krause, D.,Unden, A.B.,Sandstedt, B.,Toftgard, R.,Zaphiropoulos, P.G.
(1999) Nat.Cell Biol. 1: 312
- Characterization of the Physical Interaction of GLI Proteins with Sufu Proteins.
Dunaeva, M.,Michelson, P.,Kogerman, P.,Toftgard, R.
(2003) J.Biol.Chem. 278: 5116
- Suppressor of Fused Regulates GLI Activity Through a Dual Binding Mechanism.
Merchant, M.,Vajdos, F.F.,Ultsch, M.,Maun, H.R.,Wendt, U.,Cannon, J.,Desmarais, W.,Lazarus, R.A.,De Vos, A.M.,De Sauvage, F.J.
(2004) Mol.Cell.Biol. 24: 8627
Hedgehog signalling plays a fundamental role in the control of metazoan development, cell proliferation and differentiation, as highlighted by the fact that its deregulation is associated with the development of many human tumours. SUFU is an essenti ...
Hedgehog signalling plays a fundamental role in the control of metazoan development, cell proliferation and differentiation, as highlighted by the fact that its deregulation is associated with the development of many human tumours. SUFU is an essential intracellular negative regulator of mammalian Hedgehog signalling and acts by binding and modulating the activity of GLI transcription factors. Despite its central importance, little is known about SUFU regulation and the nature of SUFU-GLI interaction. Here, the crystal and small-angle X-ray scattering structures of full-length human SUFU and its complex with the key SYGHL motif conserved in all GLIs are reported. It is demonstrated that GLI binding is associated with major conformational changes in SUFU, including an intrinsically disordered loop that is also crucial for pathway activation. These findings reveal the structure of the SUFU-GLI interface and suggest a mechanism for an essential regulatory step in Hedgehog signalling, offering possibilities for the development of novel pathway modulators and therapeutics.
Department of Biosciences and Nutrition and Center for Biosciences, Karolinska Institutet, Novum, Hälsovägen 7, SE-141 83 Huddinge, Sweden.