S. aureus pepA1 NMR structure

Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 1000 
  • Conformers Submitted: 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report

This is version 2.0 of the entry. See complete history


Functional and Structural Insights of a Staphylococcus Aureus Apoptotic-Like Membrane Peptide from a Toxin-Antitoxin Module

Sayed, N.Nonin-Lecomte, S.Rety, S.Felden, B.

(2012) J Biol Chem 287: 43454

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M112.402693
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 

    We report a functional type I toxin-antitoxin (TA) module expressed by a human pathogen, Staphylococcus aureus. TA systems consist of stable toxins and labile antitoxins encoded within small genetic modules widespread in eubacteria and archaea. TA genes provide stress adaptation and protection against DNA loss or invasion. The genes encoding the SprA1 toxic peptide (PepA1) and the SprA1(AS) RNA antitoxin are within a pathogenicity island on opposite strands and possess a 3' overlap. To prevent peptide toxicity during S. aureus growth, PepA1 expression from stable (half-life > 3 h) SprA1 is repressed by elevated amounts of unstable (half-life = ∼10 mn) SprA1(AS). In vivo, PepA1 localizes at the bacterial membrane and triggers S. aureus death. Based on NMR and CD data, its solution structure was solved and is a long bent, interrupted helix. Molecular dynamics simulations indicate that PepA1 compaction and helical content fluctuate in accordance with its cytoplasm or membrane location. When inserted into the S. aureus membrane, the PepA1 conformation switches to a ∼7-nm-long continuous helix, presumably forming pores to alter membrane integrity. PepA1 expression is induced upon acidic and oxidative stresses by reducing SprA1(AS) levels. As an altruistic behavior during infection, some cells may induce the expression of that toxin that would facilitate departure from the host immune cells for spreading.

  • Organizational Affiliation

    INSERM U835-Upres EA2311, Biochimie Pharmaceutique, Université de Rennes 1, 35043 Rennes Cedex, France.

Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChains Sequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
PEPA130Staphylococcus aureusMutation(s): 0 
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
Sequence Annotations
  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: SOLUTION NMR
  • Conformers Calculated: 1000 
  • Conformers Submitted: 

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report

Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2012-11-14
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2012-11-21
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2013-01-16
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 2.0: 2023-06-14
    Changes: Atomic model, Data collection, Database references, Other