Rational Design, Synthesis, Evaluation and Enzyme-Substrate Structures of Improved Fluorogenic Substrates for Family 6 Glycoside Hydrolases.Wu, M., Nerinckx, W., Piens, K., Ishida, T., Hansson, H., Sandgren, M., Stahlberg, J.
(2013) FEBS J. 280: 184
- PubMed: 23137336
- DOI: 10.1111/febs.12060
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:  4AU0, 4AX7
- PubMed Abstract:
Methylumbelliferyl-β-cellobioside (MUF-G2) is a convenient fluorogenic substrate for certain β-glycoside hydrolases (GH). However, hydrolysis of the aglycone is poor with GH family 6 enzymes (GH6), despite strong binding. Prediction of the orientatio ...
Methylumbelliferyl-β-cellobioside (MUF-G2) is a convenient fluorogenic substrate for certain β-glycoside hydrolases (GH). However, hydrolysis of the aglycone is poor with GH family 6 enzymes (GH6), despite strong binding. Prediction of the orientation of the aglycone of MUF-G2 in the +1 subsite of Hypocrea jecorina Cel6A by automated docking suggested umbelliferyl modifications at C4 and C6 for improved recognition. Four modified umbelliferyl-β-cellobiosides [6-chloro-4-methyl- (ClMUF); 6-chloro-4-trifluoromethyl- (ClF3MUF); 4-phenyl- (PhUF); 6-chloro-4-phenyl- (ClPhUF)] were synthesized and tested with GH6, GH7, GH9, GH5 and GH45 cellulases. Indeed the rate of aglycone release by H. jecorina Cel6A was 10-150 times higher than with MUF-G2, although it was still three orders of magnitude lower than with H. jecorina Cel7B. The 4-phenyl substitution drastically reduced the fluorescence intensity of the free aglycone, while ClMUF-G2 could be used for determination of k(cat) and K(M) for H. jecorina Cel6A and Thermobifida fusca Cel6A. Crystal structures of H. jecorina Cel6A D221A mutant soaked with the MUF-, ClMUF- and ClPhUF-β-cellobioside substrates show that the modifications turned the umbelliferyl group 'upside down', with the glycosidic bond better positioned for protonation than with MUF-G2.
Department of Molecular Biology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.