4AT2

The crystal structure of 3-ketosteroid-delta4-(5alpha)-dehydrogenase from Rhodococcus jostii RHA1 in complex with 4-androstene-3,17- dione


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.6 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.181 
  • R-Value Work: 0.159 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structure and Catalytic Mechanism of 3-Ketosteroid-{Delta}4-(5Alpha)-Dehydrogenase from Rhodococcus Jostii Rha1 Genome.

Van Oosterwijk, N.Knol, J.Dijkhuizen, L.Van Der Geize, R.Dijkstra, B.W.

(2012) J.Biol.Chem. 287: 30975

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M112.374306
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • 3-Ketosteroid Δ4-(5α)-dehydrogenases (Δ4-(5α)-KSTDs) are enzymes that introduce a double bond between the C4 and C5 atoms of 3-keto-(5α)-steroids. Here we show that the ro05698 gene from Rhodococcus jostii RHA1 codes for a flavoprotein with Δ4-(5α)-K ...

    3-Ketosteroid Δ4-(5α)-dehydrogenases (Δ4-(5α)-KSTDs) are enzymes that introduce a double bond between the C4 and C5 atoms of 3-keto-(5α)-steroids. Here we show that the ro05698 gene from Rhodococcus jostii RHA1 codes for a flavoprotein with Δ4-(5α)-KSTD activity. The 1.6 Å resolution crystal structure of the enzyme revealed three conserved residues (Tyr-319, Tyr-466, and Ser-468) in a pocket near the isoalloxazine ring system of the FAD co-factor. Site-directed mutagenesis of these residues confirmed that they are absolutely essential for catalytic activity. A crystal structure with bound product 4-androstene-3,17-dione showed that Ser-468 is in a position in which it can serve as the base abstracting the 4β-proton from the C4 atom of the substrate. Ser-468 is assisted by Tyr-319, which possibly is involved in shuttling the proton to the solvent. Tyr-466 is at hydrogen bonding distance to the C3 oxygen atom of the substrate and can stabilize the keto-enol intermediate occurring during the reaction. Finally, the FAD N5 atom is in a position to be able to abstract the 5α-hydrogen of the substrate as a hydride ion. These features fully explain the reaction catalyzed by Δ4-(5α)-KSTDs.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Laboratory of Biophysical Chemistry, University of Groningen, 9747 AG Groningen, The Netherlands.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
3-KETOSTEROID-DELTA4-5ALPHA-DEHYDROGENASE
A
510Rhodococcus jostii (strain RHA1)Mutation(s): 0 
Find proteins for Q0S4Q9 (Rhodococcus jostii (strain RHA1))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q0S4Q9
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
CL
Query on CL

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
CHLORIDE ION
Cl
VEXZGXHMUGYJMC-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
FAD
Query on FAD

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
FLAVIN-ADENINE DINUCLEOTIDE
C27 H33 N9 O15 P2
VWWQXMAJTJZDQX-UYBVJOGSSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
ASD
Query on ASD

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
4-ANDROSTENE-3-17-DIONE
C19 H26 O2
AEMFNILZOJDQLW-QAGGRKNESA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.6 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.181 
  • R-Value Work: 0.159 
  • Space Group: C 2 2 21
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 99.778α = 90.00
b = 116.082β = 90.00
c = 110.151γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
SCALAdata scaling
REFMACrefinement
MOSFLMdata reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2012-08-01
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2012-10-10
    Type: Database references