4AQY

Structure of ribosome-apramycin complexes


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.5 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.235 
  • R-Value Work: 0.193 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Dissociation of Antibacterial Activity and Aminoglycoside Ototoxicity in the 4-Monosubstituted 2-Deoxystreptamine Apramycin.

Matt, T.Ng, C.L.Lang, K.Sha, S.H.Akbergenov, R.Shcherbakov, D.Meyer, M.Duscha, S.Xie, J.Dubbaka, S.R.Perez-Fernandez, D.Vasella, A.Ramakrishnan, V.Schacht, J.Bottger, E.C.

(2012) Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.USA 109: 10984

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1204073109

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Aminoglycosides are potent antibacterials, but therapy is compromised by substantial toxicity causing, in particular, irreversible hearing loss. Aminoglycoside ototoxicity occurs both in a sporadic dose-dependent and in a genetically predisposed fash ...

    Aminoglycosides are potent antibacterials, but therapy is compromised by substantial toxicity causing, in particular, irreversible hearing loss. Aminoglycoside ototoxicity occurs both in a sporadic dose-dependent and in a genetically predisposed fashion. We recently have developed a mechanistic concept that postulates a key role for the mitochondrial ribosome (mitoribosome) in aminoglycoside ototoxicity. We now report on the surprising finding that apramycin, a structurally unique aminoglycoside licensed for veterinary use, shows little activity toward eukaryotic ribosomes, including hybrid ribosomes which were genetically engineered to carry the mitoribosomal aminoglycoside-susceptibility A1555G allele. In ex vivo cultures of cochlear explants and in the in vivo guinea pig model of chronic ototoxicity, apramycin causes only little hair cell damage and hearing loss but it is a potent antibacterial with good activity against a range of clinical pathogens, including multidrug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis. These data provide proof of concept that antibacterial activity can be dissected from aminoglycoside ototoxicity. Together with 3D structures of apramycin-ribosome complexes at 3.5-Å resolution, our results provide a conceptual framework for further development of less toxic aminoglycosides by hypothesis-driven chemical synthesis.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Institut für Medizinische Mikrobiologie, Universität Zürich, 8006 Zürich, Switzerland.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure


Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S RIBOSOMAL PROTEIN S2
B
256Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579)Gene Names: rpsB (rps2)
Find proteins for P80371 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
Go to UniProtKB:  P80371
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S RIBOSOMAL PROTEIN S3
C
239Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579)Gene Names: rpsC (rps3)
Find proteins for P80372 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
Go to UniProtKB:  P80372
Entity ID: 4
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S RIBOSOMAL PROTEIN S4
D
208Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579)Gene Names: rpsD (rps4)
Find proteins for P80373 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
Go to UniProtKB:  P80373
Entity ID: 5
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S RIBOSOMAL PROTEIN S5
E
161Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579)Gene Names: rpsE
Find proteins for Q5SHQ5 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q5SHQ5
Entity ID: 6
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S RIBOSOMAL PROTEIN S6
F
101Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579)Gene Names: rpsF
Find proteins for Q5SLP8 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q5SLP8
Entity ID: 7
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S RIBOSOMAL PROTEIN S7
G
155Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579)Gene Names: rpsG (rps7)
Find proteins for P17291 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
Go to UniProtKB:  P17291
Entity ID: 8
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S RIBOSOMAL PROTEIN S8
H
138Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579)Gene Names: rpsH
Find proteins for P0DOY9 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
Go to UniProtKB:  P0DOY9
Entity ID: 9
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S RIBOSOMAL PROTEIN S9
I
128Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579)Gene Names: rpsI (rps9)
Find proteins for P80374 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
Go to UniProtKB:  P80374
Entity ID: 10
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S RIBOSOMAL PROTEIN S10
J
104Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579)Gene Names: rpsJ
Find proteins for Q5SHN7 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q5SHN7
Entity ID: 11
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S RIBOSOMAL PROTEIN S11
K
129Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579)Gene Names: rpsK (rps11)
Find proteins for P80376 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
Go to UniProtKB:  P80376
Entity ID: 12
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S RIBOSOMAL PROTEIN S12
L
135Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579)Gene Names: rpsL
Find proteins for Q5SHN3 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q5SHN3
Entity ID: 13
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S RIBOSOMAL PROTEIN S13
M
126Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579)Gene Names: rpsM (rps13)
Find proteins for P80377 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
Go to UniProtKB:  P80377
Entity ID: 14
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S RIBOSOMAL PROTEIN S14
N
60Thermus aquaticusGene Names: rpsZ (rpsN)
Find proteins for A0A0N0BLP2 (Thermus aquaticus)
Go to UniProtKB:  A0A0N0BLP2
Entity ID: 15
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S RIBOSOMAL PROTEIN S15
O
88Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579)Gene Names: rpsO
Find proteins for Q5SJ76 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q5SJ76
Entity ID: 16
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S RIBOSOMAL PROTEIN S16
P
88Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579)Gene Names: rpsP
Find proteins for Q5SJH3 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q5SJH3
Entity ID: 17
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S RIBOSOMAL PROTEIN S17
Q
104Thermus aquaticusGene Names: rpsQ
Find proteins for A0A0N0BLS5 (Thermus aquaticus)
Go to UniProtKB:  A0A0N0BLS5
Entity ID: 18
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S RIBOSOMAL PROTEIN S18
R
88Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579)Gene Names: rpsR
Find proteins for Q5SLQ0 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q5SLQ0
Entity ID: 19
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S RIBOSOMAL PROTEIN S19
S
92Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579)Gene Names: rpsS
Find proteins for Q5SHP2 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q5SHP2
Entity ID: 20
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S RIBOSOMAL PROTEIN S20
T
106Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579)Gene Names: rpsT (rps20)
Find proteins for P80380 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
Go to UniProtKB:  P80380
Entity ID: 21
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
30S RIBOSOMAL PROTEIN THX
V
26Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579)Gene Names: rpsU
Find proteins for Q5SIH3 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q5SIH3
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganism
16S RIBOSOMAL RNAA1522Thermus thermophilus
Entity ID: 22
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganism
5'-R(*UP*UP*CP*AP*AP*AP)-3'W6Thermus thermophilus
Entity ID: 23
MoleculeChainsLengthOrganism
5'-R(*GP*GP*GP*AP*UP*UP*GP*AP*AP*AP*AP*UP*CP*CP*C)-3'Z15Thermus thermophilus
Small Molecules
Ligands 4 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
K
Query on K

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, V
POTASSIUM ION
K
NPYPAHLBTDXSSS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
ZN
Query on ZN

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
D, N
ZINC ION
Zn
PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MG
Query on MG

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, D, F, G, H, J, K, L, M, S, W, Z
MAGNESIUM ION
Mg
JLVVSXFLKOJNIY-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
AM2
Query on AM2

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
APRAMYCIN
NEBRAMYCIN II, 4-O-(3ALPHA-AMINO-6ALPHA-((4-AMINO-4-DEOXY-ALPHA-D-GLUCOPYRANOSYL)OXY)-2,3,4,5ABETA,6,7,8,8AALPHA-OCTAHYDRO-8BETA-HYDROXY-7BETA-(METHYLAMINO)PYRANO(3,2-B)PYRAN-2ALPHA-YL)-2-DEOXY-D-STREPTAMINE
C21 H41 N5 O11
XZNUGFQTQHRASN-XQENGBIVSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.5 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.235 
  • R-Value Work: 0.193 
  • Space Group: P 41 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 402.180α = 90.00
b = 402.180β = 90.00
c = 175.000γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
XDSdata reduction
XSCALEdata scaling
CNSrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2012-07-18
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2014-10-08
    Type: Structure summary