4APM

Crystal Structure of AMA1 from Babesia divergens


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.3 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.250 
  • R-Value Work: 0.190 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Babesia Divergens and Neospora Caninum Apical Membrane Antigen 1 (Ama1) Structures Reveal Selectivity and Plasticity in Apicomplexan Parasite Host Cell Invasion.

Tonkin, M.L.Crawford, J.Lebrun, M.L.Boulanger, M.J.

(2013) Protein Sci. 22: 114

  • DOI: 10.1002/pro.2193
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  4APL

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Host cell invasion by the obligate intracellular apicomplexan parasites, including Plasmodium (malaria) and Toxoplasma (toxoplasmosis), requires a step-wise mechanism unique among known host-pathogen interactions. A key step is the formation of the m ...

    Host cell invasion by the obligate intracellular apicomplexan parasites, including Plasmodium (malaria) and Toxoplasma (toxoplasmosis), requires a step-wise mechanism unique among known host-pathogen interactions. A key step is the formation of the moving junction (MJ) complex, a circumferential constriction between the apical tip of the parasite and the host cell membrane that traverses in a posterior direction to enclose the parasite in a protective vacuole essential for intracellular survival. The leading model of MJ assembly proposes that Rhoptry Neck Protein 2 (RON2) is secreted into the host cell and integrated into the membrane where it serves as the receptor for apical membrane antigen 1 (AMA1) on the parasite surface. We have previously demonstrated that the AMA1-RON2 interaction is an effective target for inhibiting apicomplexan invasion. To better understand the AMA1-dependant molecular recognition events that promote invasion, including the significant AMA1-RON2 interaction, we present the structural characterization of AMA1 from the apicomplexan parasites Babesia divergens (BdAMA1) and Neospora caninum (NcAMA1) by X-ray crystallography. These studies offer intriguing structural insight into the RON2-binding surface groove in the AMA1 apical domain, which shows clear evidence for receptor-ligand co-evolution, and the hyper variability of the membrane proximal domain, which in Plasmodium is responsible for direct binding to erythrocytes. By incorporating the structural analysis of BdAMA1 and NcAMA1 with existing AMA1 structures and complexes we were able to define conserved pockets in the AMA1 apical groove that could be targeted for the design of broadly reactive therapeutics.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry & Microbiology, University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia, V8W 3P6, Canada.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
APICAL MEMBRANE ANTIGEN 1
A
437Babesia divergensN/A
Find proteins for C0IR59 (Babesia divergens)
Go to UniProtKB:  C0IR59
Small Molecules
Ligands 4 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ACT
Query on ACT

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A
ACETATE ION
C2 H3 O2
QTBSBXVTEAMEQO-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
GOL
Query on GOL

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Download CCD File 
A
GLYCEROL
GLYCERIN; PROPANE-1,2,3-TRIOL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CA
Query on CA

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Download CCD File 
A
CALCIUM ION
Ca
BHPQYMZQTOCNFJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MPD
Query on MPD

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Download CCD File 
A
(4S)-2-METHYL-2,4-PENTANEDIOL
C6 H14 O2
SVTBMSDMJJWYQN-YFKPBYRVSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.3 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.250 
  • R-Value Work: 0.190 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 67.820α = 90.00
b = 139.180β = 90.00
c = 45.010γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
MOSFLMdata reduction
REFMACrefinement
SCALAdata scaling
PHASERphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2012-12-05
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2013-01-16
    Type: Database references