4AFV

THE STRUCTURE OF METACASPASE 2 FROM T. BRUCEI DETERMINED IN THE PRESENCE OF CALCIUM CHLORIDE


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.5 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.185 
  • R-Value Work: 0.152 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Crystal Structure of a Trypanosoma Brucei Metacaspase.

Mcluskey, K.Rudolf, J.Proto, W.R.Isaacs, N.W.Coombs, G.H.Moss, C.X.Mottram, J.C.

(2012) Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.USA 109: 7469

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1200885109
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Metacaspases are distantly related caspase-family cysteine peptidases implicated in programmed cell death in plants and lower eukaryotes. They differ significantly from caspases because they are calcium-activated, arginine-specific peptidases that do ...

    Metacaspases are distantly related caspase-family cysteine peptidases implicated in programmed cell death in plants and lower eukaryotes. They differ significantly from caspases because they are calcium-activated, arginine-specific peptidases that do not require processing or dimerization for activity. To elucidate the basis of these differences and to determine the impact they might have on the control of cell death pathways in lower eukaryotes, the previously undescribed crystal structure of a metacaspase, an inactive mutant of metacaspase 2 (MCA2) from Trypanosoma brucei, has been determined to a resolution of 1.4 Å. The structure comprises a core caspase fold, but with an unusual eight-stranded β-sheet that stabilizes the protein as a monomer. Essential aspartic acid residues, in the predicted S1 binding pocket, delineate the arginine-specific substrate specificity. In addition, MCA2 possesses an unusual N terminus, which encircles the protein and traverses the catalytic dyad, with Y31 acting as a gatekeeper residue. The calcium-binding site is defined by samarium coordinated by four aspartic acid residues, whereas calcium binding itself induces an allosteric conformational change that could stabilize the active site in a fashion analogous to subunit processing in caspases. Collectively, these data give insights into the mechanistic basis of substrate specificity and mode of activation of MCA2 and provide a detailed framework for understanding the role of metacaspases in cell death pathways of lower eukaryotes.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Wellcome Trust Centre for Molecular Parasitology, Institute of Infection, Immunity, and Inflammation, College of Medical, Veterinary, and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8TA, United Kingdom. karen.mcluskey@glasgow.ac.uk




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
METACASPASE MCA2
A
367Trypanosoma brucei brucei (strain 927/4 GUTat10.1)Mutation(s): 1 
Find proteins for Q585F3 (Trypanosoma brucei brucei (strain 927/4 GUTat10.1))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q585F3
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.5 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.185 
  • R-Value Work: 0.152 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 78.600α = 90.00
b = 49.894β = 117.17
c = 85.534γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
SCALAdata scaling
REFMACphasing
REFMACrefinement
XDSdata reduction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2012-05-02
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2012-05-23
    Type: Other