Benzimidazole Inhibitors of the Protein Kinase Chk2: Clarification of the Binding Mode by Flexible Side Chain Docking and Protein-Ligand CrystallographyMatijssen, C., Silva-Santisteban, M.C., Westwood, I.M., Siddique, S., Choi, V., Sheldrake, P., Van Montfort, R.L.M., Blagg, J.
(2012) Bioorg.Med.Chem. 20: 6630
- PubMed: 23058106
- DOI: 10.1016/j.bmc.2012.09.024
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
Two closely related binding modes have previously been proposed for the ATP-competitive benzimidazole class of checkpoint kinase 2 (CHK2) inhibitors; however, neither binding mode is entirely consistent with the reported SAR. Unconstrained rigid dock ...
Two closely related binding modes have previously been proposed for the ATP-competitive benzimidazole class of checkpoint kinase 2 (CHK2) inhibitors; however, neither binding mode is entirely consistent with the reported SAR. Unconstrained rigid docking of benzimidazole ligands into representative CHK2 protein crystal structures reveals an alternative binding mode involving a water-mediated interaction with the hinge region; docking which incorporates protein side chain flexibility for selected residues in the ATP binding site resulted in a refinement of the water-mediated hinge binding mode that is consistent with observed SAR. The flexible docking results are in good agreement with the crystal structures of four exemplar benzimidazole ligands bound to CHK2 which unambiguously confirmed the binding mode of these inhibitors, including the water-mediated interaction with the hinge region, and which is significantly different from binding modes previously postulated in the literature.
Cancer Research UK Cancer Therapeutics Unit, Division of Cancer Therapeutics, Institute of Cancer Research, Haddow Laboratories, Sutton, Surrey, UK.