3XIM

ARGININE RESIDUES AS STABILIZING ELEMENTS IN PROTEINS


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.3 Å

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Arginine residues as stabilizing elements in proteins.

Mrabet, N.T.Van den Broeck, A.Van den brande, I.Stanssens, P.Laroche, Y.Lambeir, A.M.Matthijssens, G.Jenkins, J.Chiadmi, M.van Tilbeurgh, H.Rey, F.Janin, J.Quax, W.J.Lasters, I.Demaeyer, M.Wodak, S.J.

(1992) Biochemistry 31: 2239-2253

  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  1XIM, 2XIM

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Site-specific substitutions of arginine for lysine in the thermostable D-xylose isomerase (XI) from Actinoplanes missouriensis are shown to impart significant heat stability enhancement in the presence of sugar substrates most probably by interfering ...

    Site-specific substitutions of arginine for lysine in the thermostable D-xylose isomerase (XI) from Actinoplanes missouriensis are shown to impart significant heat stability enhancement in the presence of sugar substrates most probably by interfering with nonenzymatic glycation. The same substitutions are also found to increase heat stability in the absence of any sugar derivatives, where a mechanism based on prevention of glycation can no longer be invoked. This rather conservative substitution is moreover shown to improve thermostability in two other structurally unrelated proteins, human copper, zinc-superoxide dismutase (CuZnSOD) and D-glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) from Bacillus subtilis. The stabilizing effect of Lys----Arg substitutions is rationalized on the basis of a detailed analysis of the crystal structures of wild-type XI and of engineered variants with Lys----Arg substitution at four distinct locations, residues 253, 309, 319, and 323. Molecular model building analysis of the structures of wild-type and mutant CuZnSOD (K9R) and GAPDH (G281K and G281R) is used to explain the observed stability enhancement in these proteins. In addition to demonstrating that even thermostable proteins can lend themselves to further stability improvement, our findings provide direct evidence that arginine residues are important stabilizing elements in proteins. Moreover, the stabilizing role of electrostatic interactions, particularly between subunits in oligomeric proteins, is documented.


    Related Citations: 
    • Structural Analysis of the 2.8 Angstroms Model of Xylose Isomerase from Actinoplanes Missouriensis
      Rey, F.,Jenkins, J.,Janin, J.,Lasters, I.,Alard, P.,Claessens, M.,Matthyssens, G.,Wodak, S.
      (1988) Proteins 4: 165


    Organizational Affiliation

    Protein Engineering Department, Plant Genetic Systems, Gent, Belgium.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
D-XYLOSE ISOMERASE
A, B, C, D
393Actinoplanes missouriensis (strain ATCC 14538 / DSM 43046 / CBS 188.64 / JCM 3121 / NCIMB 12654 / NBRC 102363 / 431)Gene Names: xylA (XI)
EC: 5.3.1.5
Find proteins for P12851 (Actinoplanes missouriensis (strain ATCC 14538 / DSM 43046 / CBS 188.64 / JCM 3121 / NCIMB 12654 / NBRC 102363 / 431))
Go to UniProtKB:  P12851
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
CO
Query on CO

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D
COBALT (II) ION
Co
XLJKHNWPARRRJB-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
SOR
Query on SOR

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B, C, D
D-SORBITOL
C6 H14 O6
FBPFZTCFMRRESA-JGWLITMVSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.3 Å
  • Space Group: P 32 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 143.450α = 90.00
b = 143.450β = 90.00
c = 231.500γ = 120.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PROLSQrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 1993-04-15
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2008-03-25
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance