Chemical Component Summary

FormulaC6 H14 O6
Molecular Weight182.17
Isomeric SMILESOC[C@H](O)[C@@H](O)[C@H](O)[C@H](O)CO

Chemical Details

Formal Charge0
Atom Count26
Chiral Atom Count4
Chiral AtomsC2, C3, C4, C5
Bond Count25
Aromatic Bond Count0
Leaving Atomsn/a

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank IDDB01638 Different stereochemistry
DescriptionA polyhydric alcohol with about half the sweetness of sucrose. Sorbitol occurs naturally and is also produced synthetically from glucose. It was formerly used as a diuretic and may still be used as a laxative and in irrigating solutions for some surgical procedures.
  • (−)-sorbitol
  • D-(−)-sorbitol
  • D-glucitol
  • D-Sorbit
  • D-Sorbitol
Brand Names
  • Char-flo With Sorbitol - Sus
  • Cystosol W 3% Hexitols
  • Microlax Micro Enema
  • Microlax Micro-enema
  • Saliva
Affected OrganismHumans and other mammals
IndicationUsed as a non-stimulant laxative via an oral suspension or enema.
Mechanism of actionSorbitol exerts its laxative effect by drawing water into the large intestine, thereby stimulating bowel movements.
Route of administration
  • Irrigation
  • Oral
  • Rectal
  • Urethral
  • Alcohols
  • Blood and Blood Forming Organs
  • Blood Substitutes and Perfusion Solutions
  • Carbohydrates
  • Cathartics
  • A06AG07
  • A06AD18
  • V04CC01
  • B05CX02
CAS number50-70-4
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID:21059682