3V5O

Structural and Mechanistic Studies of Catalysis and Sulfa Drug Resistance in Dihydropteroate Synthase


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.50 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.274 
  • R-Value Work: 0.234 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.236 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Catalysis and sulfa drug resistance in dihydropteroate synthase.

Yun, M.K.Wu, Y.Li, Z.Zhao, Y.Waddell, M.B.Ferreira, A.M.Lee, R.E.Bashford, D.White, S.W.

(2012) Science 335: 1110-1114

  • DOI: 10.1126/science.1214641
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3TYA, 3TYB, 3TYC, 3TYD, 3TYE, 3TYU, 3TYZ, 3TZF, 3TZN, 3V5O

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The sulfonamide antibiotics inhibit dihydropteroate synthase (DHPS), a key enzyme in the folate pathway of bacteria and primitive eukaryotes. However, resistance mutations have severely compromised the usefulness of these drugs. We report structural, computational, and mutagenesis studies on the catalytic and resistance mechanisms of DHPS ...

    The sulfonamide antibiotics inhibit dihydropteroate synthase (DHPS), a key enzyme in the folate pathway of bacteria and primitive eukaryotes. However, resistance mutations have severely compromised the usefulness of these drugs. We report structural, computational, and mutagenesis studies on the catalytic and resistance mechanisms of DHPS. By performing the enzyme-catalyzed reaction in crystalline DHPS, we have structurally characterized key intermediates along the reaction pathway. Results support an S(N)1 reaction mechanism via formation of a novel cationic pterin intermediate. We also show that two conserved loops generate a substructure during catalysis that creates a specific binding pocket for p-aminobenzoic acid, one of the two DHPS substrates. This substructure, together with the pterin-binding pocket, explains the roles of the conserved active-site residues and reveals how sulfonamide resistance arises.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Structural Biology, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, TN 38105, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Dihydropteroate synthaseA, B297Bacillus anthracis str. A0248Mutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: folPBAA_0084
EC: 2.5.1.15
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.50 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.274 
  • R-Value Work: 0.234 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.236 
  • Space Group: P 62 2 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 98.023α = 90
b = 98.023β = 90
c = 264.145γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
SERGUIdata collection
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2012-03-14
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2018-01-24
    Changes: Structure summary