3UA3

Crystal Structure of Protein Arginine Methyltransferase PRMT5 in complex with SAH


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.281 
  • R-Value Work: 0.223 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.226 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structural insights into protein arginine symmetric dimethylation by PRMT5

Sun, L.Wang, M.Lv, Z.Yang, N.Liu, Y.Bao, S.Gong, W.Xu, R.M.

(2011) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108: 20538-20543

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1106946108
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3UA3, 3UA4

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Symmetric and asymmetric dimethylation of arginine are isomeric protein posttranslational modifications with distinct biological effects, evidenced by the methylation of arginine 3 of histone H4 (H4R3): symmetric dimethylation of H4R3 leads to repres ...

    Symmetric and asymmetric dimethylation of arginine are isomeric protein posttranslational modifications with distinct biological effects, evidenced by the methylation of arginine 3 of histone H4 (H4R3): symmetric dimethylation of H4R3 leads to repression of gene expression, while asymmetric dimethylation of H4R3 is associated with gene activation. The enzymes catalyzing these modifications share identifiable sequence similarities, but the relationship between their catalytic mechanisms is unknown. Here we analyzed the structure of a prototypic symmetric arginine dimethylase, PRMT5, and discovered that a conserved phenylalanine in the active site is critical for specifying symmetric addition of methyl groups. Changing it to a methionine significantly elevates the overall methylase activity, but also converts PRMT5 to an enzyme that catalyzes both symmetric and asymmetric dimethylation of arginine. Our results demonstrate a common catalytic mechanism intrinsic to both symmetric and asymmetric arginine dimethylases, and show that steric constrains in the active sites play an essential role in determining the product specificity of arginine methylases. This discovery also implies a potentially regulatable outcome of arginine dimethylation that may provide versatile control of eukaryotic gene expression.


    Organizational Affiliation

    National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Protein arginine N-methyltransferase 5AB745Caenorhabditis elegansMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: prmt-5tag-251C34E10.5
EC: 2.1.1.125 (PDB Primary Data), 2.1.1.320 (UniProt)
Find proteins for P46580 (Caenorhabditis elegans)
Explore P46580 
Go to UniProtKB:  P46580
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SAH
Query on SAH

Download CCD File 
A, B
S-ADENOSYL-L-HOMOCYSTEINE
C14 H20 N6 O5 S
ZJUKTBDSGOFHSH-WFMPWKQPSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
MSE
Query on MSE
A,BL-PEPTIDE LINKINGC5 H11 N O2 SeMET
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.281 
  • R-Value Work: 0.223 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.226 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 100.376α = 90
b = 129.381β = 90
c = 149.315γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
MAR345dtbdata collection
PHENIXmodel building
PHENIXrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling
PHENIXphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2011-12-14
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-12-28
    Changes: Database references