Structure of pHipA, monoclinic form

Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Resolution: 1.50 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.248 
  • R-Value Work: 0.213 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.213 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report

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Role of Unusual P Loop Ejection and Autophosphorylation in HipA-Mediated Persistence and Multidrug Tolerance.

Schumacher, M.A.Min, J.Link, T.M.Guan, Z.Xu, W.Ahn, Y.H.Soderblom, E.J.Kurie, J.M.Evdokimov, A.Moseley, M.A.Lewis, K.Brennan, R.G.

(2012) Cell Rep 2: 518-525

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.celrep.2012.08.013
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3TPB, 3TPD, 3TPE, 3TPT, 3TPV

  • PubMed Abstract: 

    HipA is a bacterial serine/threonine protein kinase that phosphorylates targets, bringing about persistence and multidrug tolerance. Autophosphorylation of residue Ser150 is a critical regulatory mechanism of HipA function. Intriguingly, Ser150 is not located on the activation loop, as are other kinases; instead, it is in the protein core, where it forms part of the ATP-binding "P loop motif." How this buried residue is phosphorylated and regulates kinase activity is unclear. Here, we report multiple structures that reveal the P loop motif's exhibition of a remarkable "in-out" conformational equilibrium, which allows access to Ser150 and its intermolecular autophosphorylation. Phosphorylated Ser150 stabilizes the "out state," which inactivates the kinase by disrupting the ATP-binding pocket. Thus, our data reveal a mechanism of protein kinase regulation that is vital for multidrug tolerance and persistence, as kinase inactivation provides the critical first step in allowing dormant cells to revert to the growth phenotype and to reinfect the host.

  • Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC 27710, USA. maria.schumacher@duke.edu

Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChains Sequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Serine/threonine-protein kinase HipA440Escherichia coliMutation(s): 0 
Find proteins for P23874 (Escherichia coli (strain K12))
Explore P23874 
Go to UniProtKB:  P23874
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupP23874
Sequence Annotations
  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Resolution: 1.50 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.248 
  • R-Value Work: 0.213 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.213 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 48.48α = 90
b = 84.06β = 90.13
c = 50.06γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
ADSCdata collection
MOSFLMdata reduction
SCALAdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report

Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2012-10-03
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2012-10-17
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2024-02-28
    Changes: Data collection, Database references, Derived calculations