A structural view of the antibiotic degradation enzyme NDM-1 from a superbug.Guo, Y., Wang, J., Niu, G., Shui, W., Sun, Y., Zhou, H., Zhang, Y., Yang, C., Lou, Z., Rao, Z.
(2011) Protein Cell --: --
- PubMed: 21637961
- DOI: 10.1007/s13238-011-1055-9
- PubMed Abstract:
Gram-negative Enterobacteriaceae with resistance to carbapenem conferred by New Delhi metallo-β-lactamase 1 (NDM-1) are a type of newly discovered antibioticresistant bacteria. The rapid pandemic spread of NDM-1 bacteria worldwide (spreading to India ...
Gram-negative Enterobacteriaceae with resistance to carbapenem conferred by New Delhi metallo-β-lactamase 1 (NDM-1) are a type of newly discovered antibioticresistant bacteria. The rapid pandemic spread of NDM-1 bacteria worldwide (spreading to India, Pakistan, Europe, America, and Chinese Taiwan) in less than 2 months characterizes these microbes as a potentially major global health problem. The drug resistance of NDM-1 bacteria is largely due to plasmids containing the blaNDM-1 gene shuttling through bacterial populations. The NDM-1 enzyme encoded by the blaNDM-1 gene hydrolyzes β-lactam antibiotics, allowing the bacteria to escape the action of antibiotics. Although the biological functions and structural features of NDM-1 have been proposed according to results from functional and structural investigation of its homologues, the precise molecular characteristics and mechanism of action of NDM-1 have not been clarified. Here, we report the three-dimensional structure of NDM-1 with two catalytic zinc ions in its active site. Biological and mass spectroscopy results revealed that D-captopril can effectively inhibit the enzymatic activity of NDM-1 by binding to its active site with high binding affinity. The unique features concerning the primary sequence and structural conformation of the active site distinguish NDM-1 from other reported metallo-β-lactamases (MBLs) and implicate its role in wide spectrum drug resistance. We also discuss the molecular mechanism of NDM-1 action and its essential role in the pandemic of drug-resistant NDM-1 bacteria. Our results will provide helpful information for future drug discovery targeting drug resistance caused by NDM-1 and related metallo-β-lactamases.
High-throughput Molecular Drug Discovery Center, Tianjin Joint Academy of Biotechnology and Medicine, Tianjin, China.