3R75

Crystal structure of 2-amino-2-desoxyisochorismate synthase (ADIC) synthase PhzE from Burkholderia lata 383 in complex with benzoate, pyruvate, glutamine and contaminating Zn2+


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.10 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.200 
  • R-Value Work: 0.147 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.149 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Ligand Binding Induces an Ammonia Channel in 2-Amino-2-desoxyisochorismate (ADIC) Synthase PhzE.

Li, Q.A.Mavrodi, D.V.Thomashow, L.S.Roessle, M.Blankenfeldt, W.

(2011) J Biol Chem 286: 18213-18221

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M110.183418
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3R74, 3R75, 3R76, 3R77

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • PhzE utilizes chorismate and glutamine to synthesize 2-amino-2-desoxyisochorismate (ADIC) in the first step of phenazine biosynthesis. The PhzE monomer contains both a chorismate-converting menaquinone, siderophore, tryptophan biosynthesis (MST) and a type 1 glutamine amidotransferase (GATase1) domain connected by a 45-residue linker ...

    PhzE utilizes chorismate and glutamine to synthesize 2-amino-2-desoxyisochorismate (ADIC) in the first step of phenazine biosynthesis. The PhzE monomer contains both a chorismate-converting menaquinone, siderophore, tryptophan biosynthesis (MST) and a type 1 glutamine amidotransferase (GATase1) domain connected by a 45-residue linker. We present here the crystal structure of PhzE from Burkholderia lata 383 in a ligand-free open and ligand-bound closed conformation at 2.9 and 2.1 Å resolution, respectively. PhzE arranges in an intertwined dimer such that the GATase1 domain of one chain provides NH(3) to the MST domain of the other. This quaternary structure was confirmed by small angle x-ray scattering. Binding of chorismic acid, which was found converted to benzoate and pyruvate in the MST active centers of the closed form, leads to structural rearrangements that establish an ammonia transport channel approximately 25 Å in length within each of the two MST/GATase1 functional units of the dimer. The assignment of PhzE as an ADIC synthase was confirmed by mass spectrometric analysis of the product, which was also visualized at 1.9 Å resolution by trapping in crystals of an inactive mutant of PhzD, an isochorismatase that catalyzes the subsequent step in phenazine biosynthesis. Unlike in some of the related anthranilate synthases, no allosteric inhibition was observed in PhzE. This can be attributed to a tryptophan residue of the protein blocking the potential regulatory site. Additional electron density in the GATase1 active center was identified as zinc, and it was demonstrated that Zn(2+), Mn(2+), and Ni(2+) reduce the activity of PhzE.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Physical Biochemistry, Max Planck Institute of Molecular Physiology, Otto-Hahn-Strasse 11, 44227 Dortmund, Germany.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Anthranilate/para-aminobenzoate synthases component I AB645Burkholderia lataMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: Bcep18194_B1570
EC: 4.1.3.27
Find proteins for Q396C7 (Burkholderia lata (strain ATCC 17760 / DSM 23089 / LMG 22485 / NCIMB 9086 / R18194 / 383))
Explore Q396C7 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q396C7
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.10 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.200 
  • R-Value Work: 0.147 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.149 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 259.71α = 90
b = 94.512β = 90
c = 53.546γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
XSCALEdata scaling
PHASERphasing
REFMACrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2011-03-30
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance