Chemical Component Summary

NameBENZOIC ACID
Identifiersbenzoic acid
FormulaC7 H6 O2
Molecular Weight122.12
TypeNON-POLYMER
Isomeric SMILESOC(=O)c1ccccc1
InChIInChI=1S/C7H6O2/c8-7(9)6-4-2-1-3-5-6/h1-5H,(H,8,9)
InChIKeyWPYMKLBDIGXBTP-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Chemical Details

Formal Charge0
Atom Count15
Chiral Atom Count0
Bond Count15
Aromatic Bond Count6

Drug Info: DrugBank

DrugBank IDDB03793 
NameBenzoic acid
Groups
  • approved
  • investigational
DescriptionA fungistatic compound that is widely used as a food preservative. It is conjugated to GLYCINE in the liver and excreted as hippuric acid. As the sodium salt form, sodium benzoate is used as a treatment for urea cycle disorders due to its ability to bind amino acids. This leads to excretion of these amino acids and a decrease in ammonia levels. Recent research shows that sodium benzoate may be beneficial as an add-on therapy (1 gram/day) in schizophrenia. Total Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale scores dropped by 21% compared to placebo.
Synonyms
  • Benzoic acid
  • Sodium benzoate
Brand Names
  • Hyophen
  • Prosed/DS
  • Larynsol Loz
  • Urophen Mb
  • Urised
Categories
  • Acids, Carbocyclic
  • Alimentary Tract and Metabolism
  • Ammonium Ion Binding Activity
  • Anti-Infective Agents
  • Antifungal Agents
ATC-Code
  • A16AX11
  • V04CG30
CAS number65-85-0

Drug Targets

NameTarget SequencePharmacological ActionActions
D-amino-acid oxidaseMRVVVIGAGVIGLSTALCIHERYHSVLQPLDIKVYADRFTPLTTTDVAAG...unknown
Chlorocatechol 1,2-dioxygenaseMANTRVIELFDEFTDLIRDFIVRHEITTPEYETIMQYMISVGEAGEWPLW...unknownsubstrate
2-hydroxy-6-oxo-7-methylocta-2,4-dienoate hydrolaseMANLEIGKSILAAGVLTNYHDVGEGQPVILIHGSGPGVSAYANWRLTIPA...unknown
Non-heme chloroperoxidaseMPFITVGQENSTSIDLYYEDHGAGQPVVLIHGFPLSGHSWERQSAALLDA...unknown
Oxygen-insensitive NAD(P)H nitroreductaseMDIISVALKRHSTKAFDASKKLTAEEAEKIKTLLQYSPSSTNSQPWHFIV...unknown
View More
Drug Info/Drug Targets: DrugBank 3.0: a comprehensive resource for 'omics' research on drugs. Knox C, Law V, Jewison T, Liu P, Ly S, Frolkis A, Pon A, Banco K, Mak C, Neveu V, Djoumbou Y, Eisner R, Guo AC, Wishart DS. Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Jan; 39 (Database issue):D1035-41. | PMID:21059682