3R24

Crystal structure of nsp10/nsp16 complex of SARS coronavirus


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.222 
  • R-Value Work: 0.193 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.195 

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This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Biochemical and structural insights into the mechanisms of SARS coronavirus RNA ribose 2'-O-methylation by nsp16/nsp10 protein complex.

Chen, Y.Su, C.Ke, M.Jin, X.Xu, L.Zhang, Z.Wu, A.Sun, Y.Yang, Z.Tien, P.Ahola, T.Liang, Y.Liu, X.Guo, D.

(2011) PLoS Pathog 7: e1002294-e1002294

  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1002294
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3R24

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The 5'-cap structure is a distinct feature of eukaryotic mRNAs, and eukaryotic viruses generally modify the 5'-end of viral RNAs to mimic cellular mRNA structure, which is important for RNA stability, protein translation and viral immune escape. SARS coronavirus (SARS-CoV) encodes two S-adenosyl-L-methionine (SAM)-dependent methyltransferases (MTase) which sequentially methylate the RNA cap at guanosine-N7 and ribose 2'-O positions, catalyzed by nsp14 N7-MTase and nsp16 2'-O-MTase, respectively ...

    The 5'-cap structure is a distinct feature of eukaryotic mRNAs, and eukaryotic viruses generally modify the 5'-end of viral RNAs to mimic cellular mRNA structure, which is important for RNA stability, protein translation and viral immune escape. SARS coronavirus (SARS-CoV) encodes two S-adenosyl-L-methionine (SAM)-dependent methyltransferases (MTase) which sequentially methylate the RNA cap at guanosine-N7 and ribose 2'-O positions, catalyzed by nsp14 N7-MTase and nsp16 2'-O-MTase, respectively. A unique feature for SARS-CoV is that nsp16 requires non-structural protein nsp10 as a stimulatory factor to execute its MTase activity. Here we report the biochemical characterization of SARS-CoV 2'-O-MTase and the crystal structure of nsp16/nsp10 complex bound with methyl donor SAM. We found that SARS-CoV nsp16 MTase methylated m7GpppA-RNA but not m7GpppG-RNA, which is in contrast with nsp14 MTase that functions in a sequence-independent manner. We demonstrated that nsp10 is required for nsp16 to bind both m7GpppA-RNA substrate and SAM cofactor. Structural analysis revealed that nsp16 possesses the canonical scaffold of MTase and associates with nsp10 at 1∶1 ratio. The structure of the nsp16/nsp10 interaction interface shows that nsp10 may stabilize the SAM-binding pocket and extend the substrate RNA-binding groove of nsp16, consistent with the findings in biochemical assays. These results suggest that nsp16/nsp10 interface may represent a better drug target than the viral MTase active site for developing highly specific anti-coronavirus drugs.


    Organizational Affiliation

    State Key Laboratory of Virology and Modern Virology Research Center, College of Life Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan, P. R. China.



Macromolecules
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Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
2'-O-methyl transferaseA344Severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rep1a-1b
EC: 2.1.1 (PDB Primary Data), 3.4.19.12 (UniProt), 3.4.22 (UniProt), 3.4.22.69 (UniProt), 2.7.7.48 (UniProt), 3.6.4.12 (UniProt), 3.6.4.13 (UniProt), 3.1.13 (UniProt), 4.6.1 (UniProt), 2.1.1.57 (UniProt)
UniProt
Find proteins for P0C6X7 (Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus)
Explore P0C6X7 
Go to UniProtKB:  P0C6X7
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupP0C6X7
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
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Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Non-structural protein 10 and Non-structural protein 11B155Severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: 1a
EC: 3.4.19.12 (UniProt), 3.4.22 (UniProt), 3.4.22.69 (UniProt)
UniProt
Find proteins for P0C6U8 (Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus)
Explore P0C6U8 
Go to UniProtKB:  P0C6U8
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupP0C6U8
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
SAM
Query on SAM

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C [auth A]S-ADENOSYLMETHIONINE
C15 H22 N6 O5 S
MEFKEPWMEQBLKI-FCKMPRQPSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
ZN
Query on ZN

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
D [auth B],
E [auth B]
ZINC ION
Zn
PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Binding Affinity Annotations 
IDSourceBinding Affinity
SAM PDBBind:  3R24 Kd: 5590 (nM) from 1 assay(s)
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.222 
  • R-Value Work: 0.193 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.195 
  • Space Group: C 2 2 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 67.33α = 90
b = 184.52β = 90
c = 128.59γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
ADSCdata collection
SOLVEphasing
PHENIXrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling

Structure Validation

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Ligand Structure Quality Assessment 



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2011-10-26
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2013-01-23
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2020-04-01
    Changes: Database references, Structure summary