3R1F

Crystal structure of a key regulator of virulence in Mycobacterium tuberculosis


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.5 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.232 
  • R-Value Work: 0.197 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

EspR, a key regulator of Mycobacterium tuberculosis virulence, adopts a unique dimeric structure among helix-turn-helix proteins.

Rosenberg, O.S.Dovey, C.Tempesta, M.Robbins, R.A.Finer-Moore, J.S.Stroud, R.M.Cox, J.S.

(2011) Proc.Natl.Acad.Sci.USA 108: 13450-13455

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1110242108

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • EspR is a transcriptional regulator that activates the ESX-1 secretion system during Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection and is critical for pathogenesis. It is unique among DNA-binding proteins as it is secreted as part of a feedback regulatory loo ...

    EspR is a transcriptional regulator that activates the ESX-1 secretion system during Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection and is critical for pathogenesis. It is unique among DNA-binding proteins as it is secreted as part of a feedback regulatory loop that serves to mitigate transcriptional activity. Here we report the crystal structure of a functional EspR dimer at 2.5-Å resolution. The amino-terminal half of EspR is a helix-turn-helix (HTH) DNA-binding domain and the carboxy terminus consists of a dimerization domain with similarity to the SinR:SinI sporulation regulator of Bacillus subtilis. Surprisingly, the HTH domains of EspR are arranged in an unusual conformation in which they are splayed at an oblique angle to each other, suggesting that EspR binds DNA in a profoundly different way than most other known HTH regulators. By mapping the EspR binding sites in the espACD promoter, using both in vivo and in vitro binding assays, we show that the EspR operators are located unusually far from the promoter. The EspR dimer binds to these sites cooperatively, but the two "half-sites" contacted by each DNA recognition motif are separated by 177 base pairs. The distinctive structure of EspR and the exceptional arrangement of its operator contacts suggest that it could promote DNA looping in its target promoter. We hypothesize that direct DNA looping mediated by single-site binding of each EspR monomer may facilitate transcriptional control of this important virulence system.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Program in Microbial Pathogenesis and Host Defense, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94158, USA.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
ESX-1 secretion-associated regulator EspR
A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R
135Mycobacterium tuberculosis (strain ATCC 25618 / H37Rv)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: espR
Find proteins for P9WJB7 (Mycobacterium tuberculosis (strain ATCC 25618 / H37Rv))
Go to UniProtKB:  P9WJB7
Small Molecules
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
MSE
Query on MSE
A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R
L-PEPTIDE LINKINGC5 H11 N O2 SeMET
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.5 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.232 
  • R-Value Work: 0.197 
  • Space Group: P 32
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 148.490α = 90.00
b = 148.490β = 90.00
c = 129.671γ = 120.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
PHENIXrefinement

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2011-08-03
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-08-10
    Type: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2011-08-31
    Type: Database references