Crystal structure of RdxA from Helicobacter pyroli

Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Resolution: 2.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.220 
  • R-Value Work: 0.188 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.190 

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Structure of RdxA--an oxygen-insensitive nitroreductase essential for metronidazole activation in Helicobacter pylori.

Martinez-Julvez, M.Rojas, A.L.Olekhnovich, I.Espinosa Angarica, V.Hoffman, P.S.Sancho, J.

(2012) FEBS J 279: 4306-4317

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/febs.12020
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 

    The RdxA oxygen-insensitive nitroreductase of the human gastric pathogen Helicobacter pylori is responsible for the susceptibility of this organism to the redox active prodrug metronidazole [2-(2-methyl-5-nitro-1H-imidazol-1-yl)ethanol]. Loss-of-function mutations in rdxA are primarily responsible for resistance to this therapeutic. RdxA exhibits potent NADPH oxidase activity under aerobic conditions and metronidazole reductase activity under strictly anaerobic conditions. In the present study, we report the crystal structure of RdxA, which is a homodimer exhibiting domain swapping and containing two molecules of FMN bound at the dimer interface. We have found a gap between the side chain of Tyr47 and the isoalloxazine ring of FMN that appears to be appropriate for substrate binding. The structure does not include residues 97-128, which correspond to a locally unstable part of the NTR from Escherichia coli, and might be involved in cofactor binding. Comparison of H. pylori RdxA with other oxidoreductases of known structure suggests that RdxA may belong to a new subgroup of oxidoreductases in which a cysteine side chain close to the FMN cofactor could be involved in the reductive activity. In this respect, the mutation of C159 to A or S (C159A/S) has resulted in a loss of metronidazole reductase activity but not NADPH oxidase activity. The RdxA structure enables the interpretation of the many loss-of-function mutations described previously, including those affecting C159, a residue whose interaction with FMN is required for the nitroreduction of metronidazole. The present studies provide unique insights into the redox behaviour of the flavin in this key enzyme for metronidazole activation, including a potential use in gene therapy.

  • Organizational Affiliation

    Departamento de Bioquímica y Biología Molecular y Celular, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Spain.

Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChains Sequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Oxygen-insensitive NADPH nitroreductase
A, B, C, D
210Helicobacter pyloriMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rdxAHP_0954
EC: 1
Find proteins for O25608 (Helicobacter pylori (strain ATCC 700392 / 26695))
Explore O25608 
Go to UniProtKB:  O25608
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupO25608
Sequence Annotations
  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Resolution: 2.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.220 
  • R-Value Work: 0.188 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.190 
  • Space Group: P 41
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 49.44α = 90
b = 49.44β = 90
c = 304.48γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
MOSFLMdata reduction
SCALAdata scaling
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2012-01-18
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2012-10-31
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2012-11-07
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.3: 2013-01-30
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.4: 2023-09-13
    Changes: Data collection, Database references, Derived calculations, Refinement description