3PXO

Crystal structure of Metarhodopsin II


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.245 
  • R-Value Work: 0.216 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Crystal structure of metarhodopsin II.

Choe, H.W.Kim, Y.J.Park, J.H.Morizumi, T.Pai, E.F.Krauss, N.Hofmann, K.P.Scheerer, P.Ernst, O.P.

(2011) Nature 471: 651-655

  • DOI: 10.1038/nature09789
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  3PQR

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are seven transmembrane helix (TM) proteins that transduce signals into living cells by binding extracellular ligands and coupling to intracellular heterotrimeric G proteins (Gαβγ). The photoreceptor rhodopsin coup ...

    G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are seven transmembrane helix (TM) proteins that transduce signals into living cells by binding extracellular ligands and coupling to intracellular heterotrimeric G proteins (Gαβγ). The photoreceptor rhodopsin couples to transducin and bears its ligand 11-cis-retinal covalently bound via a protonated Schiff base to the opsin apoprotein. Absorption of a photon causes retinal cis/trans isomerization and generates the agonist all-trans-retinal in situ. After early photoproducts, the active G-protein-binding intermediate metarhodopsin II (Meta II) is formed, in which the retinal Schiff base is still intact but deprotonated. Dissociation of the proton from the Schiff base breaks a major constraint in the protein and enables further activating steps, including an outward tilt of TM6 and formation of a large cytoplasmic crevice for uptake of the interacting C terminus of the Gα subunit. Owing to Schiff base hydrolysis, Meta II is short-lived and notoriously difficult to crystallize. We therefore soaked opsin crystals with all-trans-retinal to form Meta II, presuming that the crystal's high concentration of opsin in an active conformation (Ops*) may facilitate all-trans-retinal uptake and Schiff base formation. Here we present the 3.0 Å and 2.85 Å crystal structures, respectively, of Meta II alone or in complex with an 11-amino-acid C-terminal fragment derived from Gα (GαCT2). GαCT2 binds in a large crevice at the cytoplasmic side, akin to the binding of a similar Gα-derived peptide to Ops* (ref. 7). In the Meta II structures, the electron density from the retinal ligand seamlessly continues into the Lys 296 side chain, reflecting proper formation of the Schiff base linkage. The retinal is in a relaxed conformation and almost undistorted compared with pure crystalline all-trans-retinal. By comparison with early photoproducts we propose how retinal translocation and rotation induce the gross conformational changes characteristic for Meta II. The structures can now serve as models for the large GPCR family.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Institut für Medizinische Physik und Biophysik - CC2, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Charitéplatz 1, D-10117 Berlin, Germany. hwchoe@jbnu.ac.kr




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Rhodopsin
A
348Bos taurusGene Names: RHO
Membrane protein
mpstruct
Group: 
TRANSMEMBRANE PROTEINS: ALPHA-HELICAL
Sub Group: 
G Protein-Coupled Receptors (GPCRs)
Protein: 
Rhodopsin
Find proteins for P02699 (Bos taurus)
Go to Gene View: RHO
Go to UniProtKB:  P02699
Small Molecules
Ligands 6 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
MAN
Query on MAN

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Download CCD File 
A
ALPHA-D-MANNOSE
C6 H12 O6
WQZGKKKJIJFFOK-PQMKYFCFSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
RET
Query on RET

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Download CCD File 
A
RETINAL
C20 H28 O
NCYCYZXNIZJOKI-OVSJKPMPSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
BMA
Query on BMA

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Download CCD File 
A
BETA-D-MANNOSE
C6 H12 O6
WQZGKKKJIJFFOK-RWOPYEJCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
NAG
Query on NAG

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Download CCD File 
A
N-ACETYL-D-GLUCOSAMINE
C8 H15 N O6
OVRNDRQMDRJTHS-FMDGEEDCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
PLM
Query on PLM

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Download CCD File 
A
PALMITIC ACID
C16 H32 O2
IPCSVZSSVZVIGE-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
BOG
Query on BOG

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Download CCD File 
A
B-OCTYLGLUCOSIDE
C14 H28 O6
HEGSGKPQLMEBJL-RKQHYHRCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.245 
  • R-Value Work: 0.216 
  • Space Group: H 3 2
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 241.820α = 90.00
b = 241.820β = 90.00
c = 111.800γ = 120.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
SCALAdata scaling
XDSdata reduction
REFMACrefinement
MAR345dtbdata collection
PHASERphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2011-03-09
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance