Structural basis for catalytic activation of a serine recombinase.Keenholtz, R.A., Rowland, S.J., Boocock, M.R., Stark, W.M., Rice, P.A.
(2011) Structure 19: 799-809
- PubMed: 21645851
- DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.str.2011.03.017
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
Sin resolvase is a site-specific serine recombinase that is normally controlled by a complex regulatory mechanism. A single mutation, Q115R, allows the enzyme to bypass the entire regulatory apparatus, such that no accessory proteins or DNA sites are required. Here, we present a 1.86 Å crystal structure of the Sin Q115R catalytic domain, in a tetrameric arrangement stabilized by an interaction between Arg115 residues on neighboring subunits. The subunits have undergone significant conformational changes from the inactive dimeric state previously reported. The structure provides a new high-resolution view of a serine recombinase active site that is apparently fully assembled, suggesting roles for the conserved active site residues. The structure also suggests how the dimer-tetramer transition is coupled to assembly of the active site. The tetramer is captured in a different rotational substate than that seen in previous hyperactive serine recombinase structures, and unbroken crossover site DNA can be readily modeled into its active sites.
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA.