The crystal structure of the [NiFe] hydrogenase from the photosynthetic bacterium Allochromatium vinosum: characterization of the oxidized enzyme (Ni-A state).Ogata, H., Kellers, P., Lubitz, W.
(2010) J.Mol.Biol. 402: 428-444
- PubMed: 20673834
- DOI: 10.1016/j.jmb.2010.07.041
- PubMed Abstract:
The crystal structure of the membrane-associated [NiFe] hydrogenase from Allochromatium vinosum has been determined to 2.1 Å resolution. Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy on dissolved crystals showed th ...
The crystal structure of the membrane-associated [NiFe] hydrogenase from Allochromatium vinosum has been determined to 2.1 Å resolution. Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy on dissolved crystals showed that it is present in the Ni-A state (>90%). The structure of the A. vinosum [NiFe] hydrogenase shows significant similarities with [NiFe] hydrogenase structures derived from Desulfovibrio species. The amino acid sequence identity is ∼ 50%. The bimetallic [NiFe] active site is located in the large subunit of the heterodimer and possesses three diatomic non-protein ligands coordinated to the Fe (two CN(-) , one CO). Ni is bound to the protein backbone via four cysteine thiolates; two of them also bridge the two metals. One of the bridging cysteines (Cys64) exhibits a modified thiolate in part of the sample. A mono-oxo bridging ligand was assigned between the metal ions of the catalytic center. This is in contrast to a proposal for Desulfovibrio sp. hydrogenases that show a di-oxo species in this position for the Ni-A state. The additional metal site located in the large subunit appears to be a Mg(2+) ion. Three iron-sulfur clusters were found in the small subunit that forms the electron transfer chain connecting the catalytic site with the molecular surface. The calculated anomalous Fourier map indicates a distorted proximal iron-sulfur cluster in part of the crystals. This altered proximal cluster is supposed to be paramagnetic and is exchange coupled to the Ni(3+) ion and the medial [Fe(3)S(4)](+) cluster that are both EPR active (S=1/2 species). This finding of a modified proximal cluster in the [NiFe] hydrogenase might explain the observation of split EPR signals that are occasionally detected in the oxidized state of membrane-bound [NiFe] hydrogenases as from A. vinosum.
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