Structural Basis for L-lysine Feedback Inhibition of Homocitrate SynthaseBulfer, S.L., Scott, E.M., Pillus, L., Trievel, R.C.
(2010) J Biol Chem 285: 10446-10453
- PubMed: 20089861
- DOI: https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M109.094383
- Primary Citation of Related Structures:
- PubMed Abstract:
The alpha-aminoadipate pathway of lysine biosynthesis is modulated at the transcriptional and biochemical levels by feedback inhibition. The first enzyme in the alpha-aminoadipate pathway, homocitrate synthase (HCS), is the target of the feedback regulation and is strongly inhibited by l-lysine. Here we report the structure of Schizosaccharomyces pombe HCS (SpHCS) in complex with l-lysine. The structure illustrates that the amino acid directly competes with the substrate 2-oxoglutarate for binding within the active site of HCS. Differential recognition of the substrate and inhibitor is achieved via a switch position within the (alpha/beta)(8) TIM barrel of the enzyme that can distinguish between the C5-carboxylate group of 2-oxoglutarate and the epsilon-ammonium group of l-lysine. In vitro and in vivo assays demonstrate that mutations of the switch residues, which interact with the l-lysine epsilon-ammonium group, abrogate feedback inhibition, as do substitutions of residues within the C-terminal domain that were identified in a previous study of l-lysine-insensitive HCS mutants in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Together, these results yield new insights into the mechanism of feedback regulation of an enzyme central to lysine biosynthesis.
Department of Biological Chemistry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA.