3LPA

Crystal structure of a subtilisin-like protease


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.233 
  • R-Value Work: 0.177 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

The Subtilisin-Like Protease AprV2 Is Required for Virulence and Uses a Novel Disulphide-Tethered Exosite to Bind Substrates

Kennan, R.M.Wong, W.Dhungyel, O.P.Han, X.Wong, D.Parker, D.Rosado, C.J.Law, R.H.P.McGowan, S.Reeve, S.B.Levina, V.Powers, G.A.Pike, R.N.Bottomley, S.P.Smith, A.I.Marsh, I.Whittington, R.J.Whisstock, J.C.Porter, C.J.Rood, J.I.

(2010) Plos Pathog. 6: e1001210-e1001210

  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1001210
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Many bacterial pathogens produce extracellular proteases that degrade the extracellular matrix of the host and therefore are involved in disease pathogenesis. Dichelobacter nodosus is the causative agent of ovine footrot, a highly contagious disease ...

    Many bacterial pathogens produce extracellular proteases that degrade the extracellular matrix of the host and therefore are involved in disease pathogenesis. Dichelobacter nodosus is the causative agent of ovine footrot, a highly contagious disease that is characterized by the separation of the hoof from the underlying tissue. D. nodosus secretes three subtilisin-like proteases whose analysis forms the basis of diagnostic tests that differentiate between virulent and benign strains and have been postulated to play a role in virulence. We have constructed protease mutants of D. nodosus; their analysis in a sheep virulence model revealed that one of these enzymes, AprV2, was required for virulence. These studies challenge the previous hypothesis that the elastase activity of AprV2 is important for disease progression, since aprV2 mutants were virulent when complemented with aprB2, which encodes a variant that has impaired elastase activity. We have determined the crystal structures of both AprV2 and AprB2 and characterized the biological activity of these enzymes. These data reveal that an unusual extended disulphide-tethered loop functions as an exosite, mediating effective enzyme-substrate interactions. The disulphide bond and Tyr92, which was located at the exposed end of the loop, were functionally important. Bioinformatic analyses suggested that other pathogenic bacteria may have proteases that utilize a similar mechanism. In conclusion, we have used an integrated multidisciplinary combination of bacterial genetics, whole animal virulence trials in the original host, biochemical studies, and comprehensive analysis of crystal structures to provide the first definitive evidence that the extracellular secreted proteases produced by D. nodosus are required for virulence and to elucidate the molecular mechanism by which these proteases bind to their natural substrates. We postulate that this exosite mechanism may be used by proteases produced by other bacterial pathogens of both humans and animals.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, Australia.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Acidic extracellular subtilisin-like protease AprV2
A
340Dichelobacter nodosus (strain VCS1703A)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: aprV2
Find proteins for A5EXI3 (Dichelobacter nodosus (strain VCS1703A))
Go to UniProtKB:  A5EXI3
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
CA
Query on CA

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A
CALCIUM ION
Ca
BHPQYMZQTOCNFJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 43.059α = 97.79
b = 45.980β = 115.24
c = 47.243γ = 113.86
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
CrystalCleardata collection
REFMACrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
SCALAdata scaling
MOSFLMdata reduction
PHASERphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2010-12-08
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance