NMR derived topology of a GFP-photoprotein energy transfer complexTitushin, M.S., Feng, Y., Stepanyuk, G.A., Li, Y., Markova, S.V., Golz, S., Wang, B.-C., Lee, J., Wang, J., Vysotski, E.S., Liu, Z.-J.
(2010) J.Biol.Chem. 285: 40891-40900
- PubMed: 20926380
- DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M110.133843
- PubMed Abstract:
Förster resonance energy transfer within a protein-protein complex has previously been invoked to explain emission spectral modulation observed in several bioluminescence systems. Here we present a spatial structure of a complex of the Ca(2+)-regulat ...
Förster resonance energy transfer within a protein-protein complex has previously been invoked to explain emission spectral modulation observed in several bioluminescence systems. Here we present a spatial structure of a complex of the Ca(2+)-regulated photoprotein clytin with its green-fluorescent protein (cgGFP) from the jellyfish Clytia gregaria, and show that it accounts for the bioluminescence properties of this system in vitro. We adopted an indirect approach of combining x-ray crystallography determined structures of the separate proteins, NMR spectroscopy, computational docking, and mutagenesis. Heteronuclear NMR spectroscopy using variously (15)N,(13)C,(2)H-enriched proteins enabled assignment of backbone resonances of more than 94% of the residues of both proteins. In a mixture of the two proteins at millimolar concentrations, complexation was inferred from perturbations of certain (1)H-(15)N HSQC-resonances, which could be mapped to those residues involved at the interaction site. A docking computation using HADDOCK was employed constrained by the sites of interaction, to deduce an overall spatial structure of the complex. Contacts within the clytin-cgGFP complex and electrostatic complementarity of interaction surfaces argued for a weak protein-protein complex. A weak affinity was also observed by isothermal titration calorimetry (K(D) = 0.9 mM). Mutation of clytin residues located at the interaction site reduced the degree of protein-protein association concomitant with a loss of effectiveness of cgGFP in color-shifting the bioluminescence. It is suggested that this clytin-cgGFP structure corresponds to the transient complex previously postulated to account for the energy transfer effect of GFP in the bioluminescence of aequorin or Renilla luciferase.
National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics Chinese Academy of Sciences, Datun Road 15, Beijing 100101, China.