Crystal structure of NADH:FAD oxidoreductase (TftC) - FAD complex

Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Resolution: 2.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.211 
  • R-Value Work: 0.161 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.163 

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Characterization of chlorophenol 4-monooxygenase (TftD) and NADH:FAD oxidoreductase (TftC) of Burkholderia cepacia AC1100.

Webb, B.N.Ballinger, J.W.Kim, E.Belchik, S.M.Lam, K.S.Youn, B.Nissen, M.S.Xun, L.Kang, C.

(2010) J Biol Chem 285: 2014-2027

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M109.056135
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3HWC, 3K86, 3K87, 3K88

  • PubMed Abstract: 

    Burkholderia cepacia AC1100 completely degrades 2,4,5-trichlorophenol, in which an FADH(2)-dependent monooxygenase (TftD) and an NADH:FAD oxidoreductase (TftC) catalyze the initial steps. TftD oxidizes 2,4,5-trichlorophenol (2,4,5-TCP) to 2,5-dichloro-p-benzoquinone, which is chemically reduced to 2,5-dichloro-p-hydroquinone (2,5-DiCHQ). Then, TftD oxidizes the latter to 5-chloro-2-hydroxy-p-benzoquinone. In those processes, TftC provides all the required FADH(2). We have determined the crystal structures of dimeric TftC and tetrameric TftD at 2.0 and 2.5 A resolution, respectively. The structure of TftC was similar to those of related flavin reductases. The stacked nicotinamide:isoalloxazine rings in TftC and sequential reaction kinetics suggest that the reduced FAD leaves TftC after NADH oxidation. The structure of TftD was also similar to the known structures of FADH(2)-dependent monooxygenases. Its His-289 residue in the re-side of the isoalloxazine ring is within hydrogen bonding distance with a hydroxyl group of 2,5-DiCHQ. An H289A mutation resulted in the complete loss of activity toward 2,5-DiCHQ and a significant decrease in catalytic efficiency toward 2,4,5-TCP. Thus, His-289 plays different roles in the catalysis of 2,4,5-TCP and 2,5-DiCHQ. The results support that free FADH(2) is generated by TftC, and TftD uses FADH(2) to separately transform 2,4,5-TCP and 2,5-DiCHQ. Additional experimental data also support the diffusion of FADH(2) between TftC and TftD without direct physical interaction between the two enzymes.

  • Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Chemistry, WashingtonState University,Pullman, Washington 99164-4660, USA.

Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  3D Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChains Sequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Chlorophenol-4-monooxygenase component 1
A, B
185Burkholderia cepaciaMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: tftC
Find proteins for O87008 (Burkholderia cepacia)
Explore O87008 
Go to UniProtKB:  O87008
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupO87008
Sequence Annotations
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChains Name / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
Query on FAD

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C [auth A],
D [auth B]
C27 H33 N9 O15 P2
Binding Affinity Annotations 
IDSourceBinding Affinity
FAD Binding MOAD:  3K87 Kd: 1800 (nM) from 1 assay(s)
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Resolution: 2.00 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.211 
  • R-Value Work: 0.161 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.163 
  • Space Group: H 3
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 111.529α = 90
b = 111.529β = 90
c = 102.523γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
HKL-2000data collection
CrystalCleardata reduction
CrystalCleardata scaling

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2009-11-10
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2023-09-06
    Changes: Data collection, Database references, Derived calculations, Refinement description