3H3G

Crystal structure of the extracellular domain of the human parathyroid hormone receptor (PTH1R) in complex with parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP)


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.94 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.233 
  • R-Value Work: 0.193 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.195 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 2.0 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structural basis for parathyroid hormone-related protein binding to the parathyroid hormone receptor and design of conformation-selective peptides.

Pioszak, A.A.Parker, N.R.Gardella, T.J.Xu, H.E.

(2009) J Biol Chem 284: 28382-28391

  • DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M109.022905
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3H3G

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Parathyroid hormone (PTH) and PTH-related protein (PTHrP) are two related peptides that control calcium/phosphate homeostasis and bone development, respectively, through activation of the PTH/PTHrP receptor (PTH1R), a class B G protein-coupled receptor. Both peptides hold clinical interest for their capacities to stimulate bone formation ...

    Parathyroid hormone (PTH) and PTH-related protein (PTHrP) are two related peptides that control calcium/phosphate homeostasis and bone development, respectively, through activation of the PTH/PTHrP receptor (PTH1R), a class B G protein-coupled receptor. Both peptides hold clinical interest for their capacities to stimulate bone formation. PTH and PTHrP display different selectivity for two distinct PTH1R conformations, but how their binding to the receptor differs is unclear. The high resolution crystal structure of PTHrP bound to the extracellular domain (ECD) of PTH1R reveals that PTHrP binds as an amphipathic alpha-helix to the same hydrophobic groove in the ECD as occupied by PTH, but in contrast to a straight, continuous PTH helix, the PTHrP helix is gently curved and C-terminally "unwound." The receptor accommodates the altered binding modes by shifting the side chain conformations of two residues within the binding groove: Leu-41 and Ile-115, the former acting as a rotamer toggle switch to accommodate PTH/PTHrP sequence divergence, and the latter adapting to the PTHrP curvature. Binding studies performed with PTH/PTHrP hybrid ligands having reciprocal exchanges of residues involved in different contacts confirmed functional consequences for the altered interactions and enabled the design of altered PTH and PTHrP peptides that adopt the ECD-binding mode of the opposite peptide. Hybrid peptides that bound the ECD poorly were selective for the G protein-coupled PTH1R conformation. These results establish a molecular model for better understanding of how two biologically distinct ligands can act through a single receptor and provide a template for designing better PTH/PTHrP therapeutics.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Laboratory of Structural Sciences, Van Andel Research Institute, Grand Rapids, Michigan 49503. Electronic address: eric.xu@vai.org.



Macromolecules
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Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Fusion protein of Maltose-binding periplasmic domain and human parathyroid hormone receptor extracellular domainA539Escherichia coliHomo sapiens
This entity is chimeric
Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: b4034JW3994malEPTHR1
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for P0AEX9 (Escherichia coli (strain K12))
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Go to UniProtKB:  P0AEX9
Find proteins for Q03431 (Homo sapiens)
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Go to UniProtKB:  Q03431
PHAROS:  Q03431
Entity Groups  
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UniProt GroupsQ03431P0AEX9
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence

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Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Parathyroid hormone-related proteinB24N/AMutation(s): 1 
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Find proteins for P12272 (Homo sapiens)
Explore P12272 
Go to UniProtKB:  P12272
PHAROS:  P12272
Entity Groups  
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UniProt GroupP12272
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  • Reference Sequence
Oligosaccharides

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Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D DiagramGlycosylation3D Interactions
alpha-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-alpha-D-glucopyranoseC 2N/A Oligosaccharides Interaction
Glycosylation Resources
GlyTouCan:  G07411ON
GlyCosmos:  G07411ON
Biologically Interesting Molecules (External Reference) 1 Unique
Entity ID: 3
IDChainsNameType/Class2D Diagram3D Interactions
PRD_900001
Query on PRD_900001
Calpha-maltoseOligosaccharide / Nutrient Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.94 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.233 
  • R-Value Work: 0.193 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.195 
  • Space Group: P 41 21 2
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 84.041α = 90
b = 84.041β = 90
c = 164.455γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
DENZOdata reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
PHASERphasing
REFMACrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2009-08-11
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Advisory, Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2017-08-02
    Changes: Refinement description, Source and taxonomy
  • Version 1.3: 2017-11-01
    Changes: Refinement description
  • Version 2.0: 2020-07-29
    Type: Remediation
    Reason: Carbohydrate remediation
    Changes: Atomic model, Data collection, Database references, Derived calculations, Non-polymer description, Structure summary