3FTQ

Crystal structure of Septin 2 in complex with GppNHp and Mg2+


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.90 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.290 
  • R-Value Work: 0.247 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.249 

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This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

GTP-induced conformational changes in septins and implications for function

Sirajuddin, M.Farkasovsky, M.Zent, E.Wittinghofer, A.

(2009) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106: 16592-16597

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0902858106
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3FTQ

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Septins constitute a group of GTP-binding proteins involved in cytokinesis and other essential cellular functions. They form heterooligomeric complexes that polymerize into nonpolar filaments and are dynamic during different stages of the cell cycle. Posttranslational modifications and interacting partners are widely accepted regulators of septin filament function, but the contribution of nucleotide is undefined due to a lack of detailed structural information ...

    Septins constitute a group of GTP-binding proteins involved in cytokinesis and other essential cellular functions. They form heterooligomeric complexes that polymerize into nonpolar filaments and are dynamic during different stages of the cell cycle. Posttranslational modifications and interacting partners are widely accepted regulators of septin filament function, but the contribution of nucleotide is undefined due to a lack of detailed structural information. Previous low-resolution structures showed that the G domain assembles into a linear polymer with 2 different interfaces involving the N and C termini and the G binding sites. Here we report the crystal structure of SEPT2 bound to GppNHp at 2.9 A resolution. GTP binding induces conformational changes in the switch regions at the G interfaces, which are transmitted to the N-terminal helix and also affect the NC interface. Biochemical studies and sequence alignment suggest that a threonine, which is conserved in certain subgroups of septins, is responsible for GTP hydrolysis. Although this threonine is not present in yeast CDC3 and CDC11, its mutation in CDC10 and CDC12 induces temperature sensitivity. Highly conserved contact residues identified in the G interface are shown to be necessary for Cdc3-10, but not Cdc11-12, heterodimer formation and cell growth in yeast. Based on our findings, we propose that GTP binding/hydrolysis and the nature of the nucleotide influence the stability of interfaces in heterooligomeric and polymeric septins and are required for proper septin filament assembly/disassembly. These data also offer a first rationale for subdividing human septins into different functional subgroups.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Abteilung Strukturelle Biologie, Max-Planck-Institut für molekulare Physiologie, Dortmund, Germany.



Macromolecules
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Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Septin-2A, B, C, D274Mus musculusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: Sept2Nedd-5Nedd5Septin2
UniProt
Find proteins for P42208 (Mus musculus)
Explore P42208 
Go to UniProtKB:  P42208
Entity Groups  
Sequence Clusters30% Identity50% Identity70% Identity90% Identity95% Identity100% Identity
UniProt GroupP42208
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Binding Affinity Annotations 
IDSourceBinding Affinity
GNP PDBBind:  3FTQ Kd: 4700 (nM) from 1 assay(s)
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.90 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.290 
  • R-Value Work: 0.247 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.249 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 65.98α = 90
b = 118.44β = 90
c = 190.82γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
XSCALEdata scaling
MOLREPphasing
REFMACrefinement
PDB_EXTRACTdata extraction
MAR345dtbdata collection

Structure Validation

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Ligand Structure Quality Assessment 



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2009-09-22
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance