3EFI

Carbonic anhydrase activators: Kinetic and X-ray crystallographic study for the interaction of d- and l-tryptophan with the mammalian isoforms I-XIV


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.75 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.222 
  • R-Value Work: 0.189 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.2 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Carbonic anhydrase activators: kinetic and X-ray crystallographic study for the interaction of D- and L-tryptophan with the mammalian isoforms I-XIV

Temperini, C.Innocenti, A.Scozzafava, A.Supuran, C.T.

(2008) Bioorg.Med.Chem. 16: 8373-8378

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.bmc.2008.08.043

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • An activation study of mammalian carbonic anhydrase (CA, EC 4.2.1.1) isoforms I-XIV with D- and L-tryptophan has been performed both by means of kinetic and X-ray crystallographic techniques. These compounds show a time dependent activity against iso ...

    An activation study of mammalian carbonic anhydrase (CA, EC 4.2.1.1) isoforms I-XIV with D- and L-tryptophan has been performed both by means of kinetic and X-ray crystallographic techniques. These compounds show a time dependent activity against isozyme CA II, with activation constants of 1.13 microM for L-Trp and 0.37 microM for D-Trp, respectively, after 24 h of incubation between enzyme and activator. The high resolution X-ray crystal structure of the hCA II-D-Trp adduct revealed the activator to bind in a totally unprecedented way to the enzyme active site as compared to histamine, L-/D-Phe, L-/D-His or L-adrenaline. D-Trp is anchored at the edge of the CA II active site entrance, strongly interacting with amino acid residues Asp130, Phe131 and Gly132 as well as with a loop of a second symmetry related protein molecule from the asymmetric unit, by means of hydrogen bonds and several weak van der Waals interactions involving Glu234, Gly235, Glu236 and Glu238. Thus, a second activator binding site (B) within the CA II cavity has been detected, where only D-Trp was shown so far to bind, in addition to the activator binding site A, in which histamine, L-/D-Phe, and L-/D-His are bound. These findings explain the strong affinity of D-Trp for CA II and may be useful for designing novel classes of CA activators by using this compound as lead molecule.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Università degli Studi di Firenze, Laboratorio di Chimica Bioinorganica, Room 188, Via della Lastruccia 3, I-50019 Sesto Fiorentino (Firenze), Italy.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Carbonic anhydrase 2
A
260N/AN/A
Protein Feature View is not available: No corresponding UniProt sequence found.
Small Molecules
Ligands 3 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
MBO
Query on MBO

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A
MERCURIBENZOIC ACID
C7 H5 Hg O2
FVFZSVRSDNUCGG-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
ZN
Query on ZN

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Download CCD File 
A
ZINC ION
Zn
PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
TRP
Query on TRP

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Download CCD File 
A
TRYPTOPHAN
C11 H12 N2 O2
QIVBCDIJIAJPQS-VIFPVBQESA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.75 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.222 
  • R-Value Work: 0.189 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 42.070α = 90.00
b = 41.320β = 104.40
c = 72.050γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
SCALAdata scaling
AMoREphasing
REFMACrefinement
CrysalisProdata reduction
CrysalisProdata collection

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2008-09-30
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Type: Version format compliance
  • Version 1.2: 2017-10-25
    Type: Refinement description