3DAW

Structure of the actin-depolymerizing factor homology domain in complex with actin


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.55 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.279 
  • R-Value Work: 0.208 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.212 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structure of the actin-depolymerizing factor homology domain in complex with actin

Paavilainen, V.O.Oksanen, E.Goldman, A.Lappalainen, P.

(2008) J Cell Biol 182: 51-59

  • DOI: 10.1083/jcb.200803100
  • Structures With Same Primary Citation

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Actin dynamics provide the driving force for many cellular processes including motility and endocytosis. Among the central cytoskeletal regulators are actin-depolymerizing factor (ADF)/cofilin, which depolymerizes actin filaments, and twinfilin, whic ...

    Actin dynamics provide the driving force for many cellular processes including motility and endocytosis. Among the central cytoskeletal regulators are actin-depolymerizing factor (ADF)/cofilin, which depolymerizes actin filaments, and twinfilin, which sequesters actin monomers and caps filament barbed ends. Both interact with actin through an ADF homology (ADF-H) domain, which is also found in several other actin-binding proteins. However, in the absence of an atomic structure for the ADF-H domain in complex with actin, the mechanism by which these proteins interact with actin has remained unknown. Here, we present the crystal structure of twinfilin's C-terminal ADF-H domain in complex with an actin monomer. This domain binds between actin subdomains 1 and 3 through an interface that is conserved among ADF-H domain proteins. Based on this structure, we suggest a mechanism by which ADF/cofilin and twinfilin inhibit nucleotide exchange of actin monomers and present a model for how ADF/cofilin induces filament depolymerization by weakening intrafilament interactions.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Program in Cellular Biotechnology, Institute of Biotechnology, University of Helsinki, Helsinki FIN-00014, Finland.



Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Actin, alpha skeletal muscleA377Oryctolagus cuniculusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: ACTA1ACTA
Find proteins for P68135 (Oryctolagus cuniculus)
Explore P68135 
Go to UniProtKB:  P68135
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Twinfilin-1B164Mus musculusMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: Twf1Ptk9
Find proteins for Q91YR1 (Mus musculus)
Explore Q91YR1 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q91YR1
NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ATP
Query on ATP

Download CCD File 
A
ADENOSINE-5'-TRIPHOSPHATE
C10 H16 N5 O13 P3
ZKHQWZAMYRWXGA-KQYNXXCUSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CA
Query on CA

Download CCD File 
A
CALCIUM ION
Ca
BHPQYMZQTOCNFJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.55 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.279 
  • R-Value Work: 0.208 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.212 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 52.78α = 90
b = 72.99β = 90
c = 168.88γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
MxCuBEdata collection
XDSdata reduction
XDSdata scaling
PHASERphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2008-07-29
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance