3DAW

Structure of the actin-depolymerizing factor homology domain in complex with actin


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.55 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.279 
  • R-Value Work: 0.208 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.212 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Structure of the actin-depolymerizing factor homology domain in complex with actin

Paavilainen, V.O.Oksanen, E.Goldman, A.Lappalainen, P.

(2008) J Cell Biol 182: 51-59

  • DOI: 10.1083/jcb.200803100
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3DAW

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Actin dynamics provide the driving force for many cellular processes including motility and endocytosis. Among the central cytoskeletal regulators are actin-depolymerizing factor (ADF)/cofilin, which depolymerizes actin filaments, and twinfilin, which sequesters actin monomers and caps filament barbed ends ...

    Actin dynamics provide the driving force for many cellular processes including motility and endocytosis. Among the central cytoskeletal regulators are actin-depolymerizing factor (ADF)/cofilin, which depolymerizes actin filaments, and twinfilin, which sequesters actin monomers and caps filament barbed ends. Both interact with actin through an ADF homology (ADF-H) domain, which is also found in several other actin-binding proteins. However, in the absence of an atomic structure for the ADF-H domain in complex with actin, the mechanism by which these proteins interact with actin has remained unknown. Here, we present the crystal structure of twinfilin's C-terminal ADF-H domain in complex with an actin monomer. This domain binds between actin subdomains 1 and 3 through an interface that is conserved among ADF-H domain proteins. Based on this structure, we suggest a mechanism by which ADF/cofilin and twinfilin inhibit nucleotide exchange of actin monomers and present a model for how ADF/cofilin induces filament depolymerization by weakening intrafilament interactions.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Program in Cellular Biotechnology, Institute of Biotechnology, University of Helsinki, Helsinki FIN-00014, Finland.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Actin, alpha skeletal muscleA377Oryctolagus cuniculusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: ACTA1ACTA
UniProt
Find proteins for P68135 (Oryctolagus cuniculus)
Explore P68135 
Go to UniProtKB:  P68135
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Twinfilin-1B164Mus musculusMutation(s): 1 
Gene Names: Twf1Ptk9
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for Q91YR1 (Mus musculus)
Explore Q91YR1 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q91YR1
IMPC:  MGI:1100520
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ATP
Query on ATP

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
D [auth A]ADENOSINE-5'-TRIPHOSPHATE
C10 H16 N5 O13 P3
ZKHQWZAMYRWXGA-KQYNXXCUSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
CA
Query on CA

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C [auth A]CALCIUM ION
Ca
BHPQYMZQTOCNFJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.55 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.279 
  • R-Value Work: 0.208 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.212 
  • Space Group: P 21 21 21
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 52.78α = 90
b = 72.99β = 90
c = 168.88γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
MxCuBEdata collection
XDSdata reduction
XDSdata scaling
PHASERphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2008-07-29
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Version format compliance