3CAP

Crystal Structure of Native Opsin: the G Protein-Coupled Receptor Rhodopsin in its Ligand-free State


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.90 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.266 
  • R-Value Work: 0.229 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.231 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report



Literature

Crystal structure of the ligand-free G-protein-coupled receptor opsin

Park, J.H.Scheerer, P.Hofmann, K.P.Choe, H.-W.Ernst, O.P.

(2008) Nature 454: 183-187

  • DOI: 10.1038/nature07063
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3CAP

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • In the G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) rhodopsin, the inactivating ligand 11-cis-retinal is bound in the seven-transmembrane helix (TM) bundle and is cis/trans isomerized by light to form active metarhodopsin II. With metarhodopsin II decay, all-tr ...

    In the G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) rhodopsin, the inactivating ligand 11-cis-retinal is bound in the seven-transmembrane helix (TM) bundle and is cis/trans isomerized by light to form active metarhodopsin II. With metarhodopsin II decay, all-trans-retinal is released, and opsin is reloaded with new 11-cis-retinal. Here we present the crystal structure of ligand-free native opsin from bovine retinal rod cells at 2.9 ångström (A) resolution. Compared to rhodopsin, opsin shows prominent structural changes in the conserved E(D)RY and NPxxY(x)(5,6)F regions and in TM5-TM7. At the cytoplasmic side, TM6 is tilted outwards by 6-7 A, whereas the helix structure of TM5 is more elongated and close to TM6. These structural changes, some of which were attributed to an active GPCR state, reorganize the empty retinal-binding pocket to disclose two openings that may serve the entry and exit of retinal. The opsin structure sheds new light on ligand binding to GPCRs and on GPCR activation.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Institut für Medizinische Physik und Biophysik (CC2), Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Charitéplatz 1, D-10117 Berlin, Germany.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
RhodopsinAB348Bos taurusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: RHO
Membrane protein
Mpstruc
Group: 
TRANSMEMBRANE PROTEINS: ALPHA-HELICAL
Sub Group: 
G Protein-Coupled Receptors (GPCRs): Class A
Protein: 
Rhodopsin in ligand-free state (opsin)
Find proteins for P02699 (Bos taurus)
Explore P02699 
Go to UniProtKB:  P02699
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Oligosaccharides

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Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D Diagram Glycosylation3D Interactions
beta-D-mannopyranose-(1-3)-beta-D-mannopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
C, E
4 N-Glycosylation Oligosaccharides Interaction
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsChain Length2D Diagram Glycosylation3D Interactions
2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose-(1-4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranose
D, F
2 N-Glycosylation Oligosaccharides Interaction
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
BGL
Query on BGL

Download CCD File 
A, B
2-O-octyl-beta-D-glucopyranose
C14 H28 O6
BVHPDIWLWHHJPD-RKQHYHRCSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
PLM
Query on PLM

Download CCD File 
A, B
PALMITIC ACID
C16 H32 O2
IPCSVZSSVZVIGE-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.90 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.266 
  • R-Value Work: 0.229 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.231 
  • Space Group: H 3
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 242.917α = 90
b = 242.918β = 90
c = 110.42γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
MAR345dtbdata collection
CNSrefinement
REFMACrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling
PHASERphasing

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2008-06-24
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Non-polymer description, Version format compliance
  • Version 2.0: 2020-07-29
    Type: Remediation
    Reason: Carbohydrate remediation
    Changes: Advisory, Atomic model, Data collection, Derived calculations, Structure summary