3C3O

ALIX Bro1-domain:CHMIP4A co-crystal structure


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.15 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.284 
  • R-Value Work: 0.214 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.219 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

ALIX-CHMP4 interactions in the human ESCRT pathway.

McCullough, J.Fisher, R.D.Whitby, F.G.Sundquist, W.I.Hill, C.P.

(2008) Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105: 7687-7691

  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0801567105
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3C3O, 3C3Q, 3C3R

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The ESCRT pathway facilitates membrane fission events during enveloped virus budding, multivesicular body formation, and cytokinesis. To promote HIV budding and cytokinesis, the ALIX protein must bind and recruit CHMP4 subunits of the ESCRT-III complex, which in turn participate in essential membrane remodeling functions ...

    The ESCRT pathway facilitates membrane fission events during enveloped virus budding, multivesicular body formation, and cytokinesis. To promote HIV budding and cytokinesis, the ALIX protein must bind and recruit CHMP4 subunits of the ESCRT-III complex, which in turn participate in essential membrane remodeling functions. Here, we report that the Bro1 domain of ALIX binds specifically to C-terminal residues of the human CHMP4 proteins (CHMP4A-C). Crystal structures of the complexes reveal that the CHMP4 C-terminal peptides form amphipathic helices that bind across the conserved concave surface of ALIX(Bro1). ALIX-dependent HIV-1 budding is blocked by mutations in exposed ALIX(Bro1) residues that help contribute to the binding sites for three essential hydrophobic residues that are displayed on one side of the CHMP4 recognition helix (M/L/IxxLxxW). The homologous CHMP1-3 classes of ESCRT-III proteins also have C-terminal amphipathic helices, but, in those cases, the three hydrophobic residues are arrayed with L/I/MxxxLxxL spacing. Thus, the distinct patterns of hydrophobic residues provide a "code" that allows the different ESCRT-III subunits to bind different ESCRT pathway partners, with CHMP1-3 proteins binding MIT domain-containing proteins, such as VPS4 and Vta1/LIP5, and CHMP4 proteins binding Bro1 domain-containing proteins, such as ALIX.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Biochemistry, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT 84112-5650, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Programmed cell death 6-interacting proteinA380Homo sapiensMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: PDCD6IPAIP1ALIXKIAA1375
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for Q8WUM4 (Homo sapiens)
Explore Q8WUM4 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q8WUM4
PHAROS:  Q8WUM4
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
  • Find similar proteins by:  Sequence   |   Structure
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Charged multivesicular body protein 4a peptideB13N/AMutation(s): 0 
UniProt & NIH Common Fund Data Resources
Find proteins for Q9BY43 (Homo sapiens)
Explore Q9BY43 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9BY43
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
GOL
Query on GOL

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C [auth A]GLYCEROL
C3 H8 O3
PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.15 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.284 
  • R-Value Work: 0.214 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.219 
  • Space Group: C 1 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 120.668α = 90
b = 62.681β = 122.13
c = 76.124γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
ADSCdata collection
HKL-2000data reduction
SCALEPACKdata scaling
REFMACphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report




Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2008-06-10
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2011-07-13
    Changes: Non-polymer description, Version format compliance