3ZTT

Crystal structure of pneumococcal surface antigen PsaA with manganese


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.70 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.246 
  • R-Value Work: 0.215 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.217 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.3 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

A molecular mechanism for bacterial susceptibility to zinc.

McDevitt, C.A.Ogunniyi, A.D.Valkov, E.Lawrence, M.C.Kobe, B.McEwan, A.G.Paton, J.C.

(2011) PLoS Pathog 7: e1002357-e1002357

  • DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1002357
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3ZTT

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Transition row metal ions are both essential and toxic to microorganisms. Zinc in excess has significant toxicity to bacteria, and host release of Zn(II) at mucosal surfaces is an important innate defence mechanism. However, the molecular mechanisms by which Zn(II) affords protection have not been defined ...

    Transition row metal ions are both essential and toxic to microorganisms. Zinc in excess has significant toxicity to bacteria, and host release of Zn(II) at mucosal surfaces is an important innate defence mechanism. However, the molecular mechanisms by which Zn(II) affords protection have not been defined. We show that in Streptococcus pneumoniae extracellular Zn(II) inhibits the acquisition of the essential metal Mn(II) by competing for binding to the solute binding protein PsaA. We show that, although Mn(II) is the high-affinity substrate for PsaA, Zn(II) can still bind, albeit with a difference in affinity of nearly two orders of magnitude. Despite the difference in metal ion affinities, high-resolution structures of PsaA in complex with Mn(II) or Zn(II) showed almost no difference. However, Zn(II)-PsaA is significantly more thermally stable than Mn(II)-PsaA, suggesting that Zn(II) binding may be irreversible. In vitro growth analyses show that extracellular Zn(II) is able to inhibit Mn(II) intracellular accumulation with little effect on intracellular Zn(II). The phenotype of S. pneumoniae grown at high Zn(II):Mn(II) ratios, i.e. induced Mn(II) starvation, closely mimicked a ΔpsaA mutant, which is unable to accumulate Mn(II). S. pneumoniae infection in vivo elicits massive elevation of the Zn(II):Mn(II) ratio and, in vitro, these Zn(II):Mn(II) ratios inhibited growth due to Mn(II) starvation, resulting in heightened sensitivity to oxidative stress and polymorphonuclear leucocyte killing. These results demonstrate that microbial susceptibility to Zn(II) toxicity is mediated by extracellular cation competition and that this can be harnessed by the innate immune response.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Research Centre for Infectious Diseases, School of Molecular and Biomedical Science, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
MANGANESE ABC TRANSPORTER SUBSTRATE-BINDING LIPOPROTEINA, B, C, D303Streptococcus pneumoniaeMutation(s): 0 
UniProt
Find proteins for P0A4G2 (Streptococcus pneumoniae serotype 4 (strain ATCC BAA-334 / TIGR4))
Explore P0A4G2 
Go to UniProtKB:  P0A4G2
Protein Feature View
Expand
  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
MN
Query on MN

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
E [auth A], F [auth B], G [auth C], H [auth D]MANGANESE (II) ION
Mn
WAEMQWOKJMHJLA-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.70 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.246 
  • R-Value Work: 0.215 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.217 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 68.334α = 90
b = 107.693β = 95.67
c = 77.942γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
REFMACrefinement
XDSdata reduction
SCALAdata scaling
PHASERphasing

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report




Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2011-12-07
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2018-03-28
    Changes: Database references
  • Version 1.2: 2018-06-20
    Changes: Advisory, Data collection, Derived calculations
  • Version 1.3: 2019-02-20
    Changes: Advisory, Data collection, Derived calculations