3ZBG

Crystal structure of wild-type SCP2 thiolase from Leishmania mexicana at 1.85 A


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.85 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.196 
  • R-Value Work: 0.162 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Crystal Structures of Scp2-Thiolases of Trypanosomatidae, Human Pathogens Causing Widespread Tropical Diseases: The Importance for Catalysis of the Cysteine of the Unique Hdcf Loop.

Harijan, R.K.Kiema, T.-R.Karjalainen, M.P.Janardan, N.Murthy, M.R.N.Weiss, M.S.Michels, P.A.M.Wierenga, R.K.

(2013) Biochem.J. 455: 119

  • DOI: 10.1042/BJ20130669
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Thiolases are essential CoA-dependent enzymes in lipid metabolism. In the present study we report the crystal structures of trypanosomal and leishmanial SCP2 (sterol carrier protein, type-2)-thiolases. Trypanosomatidae cause various widespread devast ...

    Thiolases are essential CoA-dependent enzymes in lipid metabolism. In the present study we report the crystal structures of trypanosomal and leishmanial SCP2 (sterol carrier protein, type-2)-thiolases. Trypanosomatidae cause various widespread devastating (sub)-tropical diseases, for which adequate treatment is lacking. The structures reveal the unique geometry of the active site of this poorly characterized subfamily of thiolases. The key catalytic residues of the classical thiolases are two cysteine residues, functioning as a nucleophile and an acid/base respectively. The latter cysteine residue is part of a CxG motif. Interestingly, this cysteine residue is not conserved in SCP2-thiolases. The structural comparisons now show that in SCP2-thiolases the catalytic acid/base is provided by the cysteine residue of the HDCF motif, which is unique for this thiolase subfamily. This HDCF cysteine residue is spatially equivalent to the CxG cysteine residue of classical thiolases. The HDCF cysteine residue is activated for acid/base catalysis by two main chain NH-atoms, instead of two water molecules, as present in the CxG active site. The structural results have been complemented with enzyme activity data, confirming the importance of the HDCF cysteine residue for catalysis. The data obtained suggest that these trypanosomatid SCP2-thiolases are biosynthetic thiolases. These findings provide promise for drug discovery as biosynthetic thiolases catalyse the first step of the sterol biosynthesis pathway that is essential in several of these parasites.


    Organizational Affiliation

    *Department of Biochemistry, Biocenter Oulu, University of Oulu, Oulu FIN-90014, Finland.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
3-KETOACYL-COA THIOLASE-LIKE PROTEIN
A, B
457Leishmania mexicana (strain MHOM/GT/2001/U1103)Mutation(s): 0 
EC: 2.3.1.16
Find proteins for E9AW84 (Leishmania mexicana (strain MHOM/GT/2001/U1103))
Go to UniProtKB:  E9AW84
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
DMS
Query on DMS

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
DIMETHYL SULFOXIDE
C2 H6 O S
IAZDPXIOMUYVGZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
MPD
Query on MPD

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, B
(4S)-2-METHYL-2,4-PENTANEDIOL
C6 H14 O2
SVTBMSDMJJWYQN-YFKPBYRVSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Modified Residues  1 Unique
IDChainsTypeFormula2D DiagramParent
OCS
Query on OCS
A, B
L-PEPTIDE LINKINGC3 H7 N O5 SCYS
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.85 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.196 
  • R-Value Work: 0.162 
  • Space Group: P 65
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 122.249α = 90.00
b = 122.249β = 90.00
c = 133.081γ = 120.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHASERphasing
REFMACrefinement
MOSFLMdata reduction
SCALAdata scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2013-08-14
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2013-09-25
    Type: Database references