3WY7

Crystal structure of Mycobacterium smegmatis 7-Keto-8-aminopelargonic acid (KAPA) synthase BioF


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.30 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.277 
  • R-Value Work: 0.242 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.244 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report



Literature

Structure and function of Mycobacterium smegmatis 7-keto-8-aminopelargonic acid (KAPA) synthase

Fan, S.H.Li, D.F.Wang, D.C.Fleming, J.Zhang, H.T.Zhou, Y.Zhou, L.Zhou, J.Chen, T.Chen, G.J.Zhang, X.E.Bi, L.J.

(2014) Int J Biochem Cell Biol 58C: 71-80

  • DOI: 10.1016/j.biocel.2014.11.006
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3WY7

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • The biotin biosynthesis pathway is an attractive target for development of novel drugs against mycobacterial pathogens, however there are as yet no suitable inhibitors that target this pathway in mycobacteria. 7-Keto-8-aminopelargonic acid synthase ( ...

    The biotin biosynthesis pathway is an attractive target for development of novel drugs against mycobacterial pathogens, however there are as yet no suitable inhibitors that target this pathway in mycobacteria. 7-Keto-8-aminopelargonic acid synthase (KAPA synthase, BioF) is the enzyme which catalyzes the first committed step of the biotin synthesis pathway, but both its structure and function in mycobacteria remain unresolved. Here we present the crystal structure of Mycobacterium smegmatis BioF (MsBioF). The structure reveals an incomplete dimer, and the active site organization is similar to, but distinct from Escherichia coli 8-amino-7-oxononanoate synthase (EcAONS), the E. coli homologue of BioF. To investigate the influence of structural characteristics on the function of MsBioF, we deleted bioF in M. smegmatis and confirmed that BioF is required for growth in the absence of exogenous biotin. Based on structural and mutagenesis studies, we confirmed that pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP) binding site residues His129, Lys235 and His200 are essential for MsBioF activity in vivo and residue Glu171 plays an important, but not essential role in MsBioF activity. The N-terminus (residues 1-37) is also essential for MsBioF activity in vivo. The structure and function of MsBioF reported here provides further insights for developing new anti-tuberculosis inhibitors aimed at the biotin synthesis pathway.


    Organizational Affiliation

    National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules and CAS Laboratory of RNA Biology, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China. Electronic address: blj@ibp.ac.cn.



Macromolecules
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Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
8-amino-7-oxononanoate synthaseABCD404Mycolicibacterium smegmatis MC2 155Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: bioFMSMEG_3189MSMEI_3107
EC: 2.3.1.47
Find proteins for A0QX65 (Mycolicibacterium smegmatis (strain ATCC 700084 / mc(2)155))
Explore A0QX65 
Go to UniProtKB:  A0QX65
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 2.30 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.277 
  • R-Value Work: 0.242 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.244 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 70.88α = 90
b = 91.68β = 97.8
c = 109.84γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
ADSCdata collection
PHASESphasing
PHENIXrefinement
MOSFLMdata reduction
SCALAdata scaling

Structure Validation

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Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2014-12-17
    Type: Initial release