3WXB

Crystal structure of NADPH bound carbonyl reductase from chicken fatty liver


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.98 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.231 
  • R-Value Work: 0.215 

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This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

A novel NAD(P)H-dependent carbonyl reductase specifically expressed in the thyroidectomized chicken fatty liver: catalytic properties and crystal structure.

Fukuda, Y.Sone, T.Sakuraba, H.Araki, T.Ohshima, T.Shibata, T.Yoneda, K.

(2015) FEBS J 282: 3918-3928

  • DOI: 10.1111/febs.13385
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    3WXB

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • A gene encoding a functionally unknown protein that is specifically expressed in the thyroidectomized chicken fatty liver and has a predicted amino acid sequence similar to that of NAD(P)H-dependent carbonyl reductase was overexpressed in Escherichia coli; its product was purified and characterized ...

    A gene encoding a functionally unknown protein that is specifically expressed in the thyroidectomized chicken fatty liver and has a predicted amino acid sequence similar to that of NAD(P)H-dependent carbonyl reductase was overexpressed in Escherichia coli; its product was purified and characterized. The expressed enzyme was an NAD(P)H-dependent broad substrate specificity carbonyl reductase and was inhibited by arachidonic acid at 1.5 μm. Enzymological characterization indicated that the enzyme could be classified as a cytosolic-type carbonyl reductase. The enzyme's 3D structure was determined using the molecular replacement method at 1.98 Å resolution in the presence of NADPH and ethylene glycol. The asymmetric unit consisted of two subunits, and a noncrystallographic twofold axis generated the functional dimer. The structures of the subunits, A and B, differed from each other. In subunit A, the active site contained an ethylene glycol molecule absent in subunit B. Consequently, Tyr172 in subunit A rotated by 103.7° in comparison with subunit B, which leads to active site closure in subunit A. In Y172A mutant, the Km value for 9,10-phenanthrenequinone (model substrate) was 12.5 times higher than that for the wild-type enzyme, indicating that Tyr172 plays a key role in substrate binding in this carbonyl reductase. Because the Tyr172-containing active site lid structure (Ile164-Gln174) is not conserved in all known carbonyl reductases, our results provide new insights into substrate binding of carbonyl reductase. The catalytic properties and crystal structure revealed that thyroidectomized chicken fatty liver carbonyl reductase is a novel enzyme.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Bioscience, Tokai University, Kumamoto, Japan.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Uncharacterized proteinA, B279Gallus gallusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: LOC415661NADB-LER3
EC: 1.1.1.184
UniProt
Find proteins for F1N9C1 (Gallus gallus)
Explore F1N9C1 
Go to UniProtKB:  F1N9C1
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 2 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
NDP (Subject of Investigation/LOI)
Query on NDP

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C [auth A], E [auth B]NADPH DIHYDRO-NICOTINAMIDE-ADENINE-DINUCLEOTIDE PHOSPHATE
C21 H30 N7 O17 P3
ACFIXJIJDZMPPO-NNYOXOHSSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
EDO
Query on EDO

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
D [auth A]1,2-ETHANEDIOL
C2 H6 O2
LYCAIKOWRPUZTN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.98 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.231 
  • R-Value Work: 0.215 
  • Space Group: P 32 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 74.568α = 90
b = 74.568β = 90
c = 190.925γ = 120
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
HKL-2000data collection
MOLREPphasing
CNSrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling

Structure Validation

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Ligand Structure Quality Assessment  



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2015-07-29
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2015-10-28
    Changes: Database references