3WOD

RNA polymerase-gp39 complex


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.6 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.279 
  • R-Value Work: 0.250 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Structural basis for promoter specificity switching of RNA polymerase by a phage factor.

Tagami, S.Sekine, S.Minakhin, L.Esyunina, D.Akasaka, R.Shirouzu, M.Kulbachinskiy, A.Severinov, K.Yokoyama, S.

(2014) Genes Dev. 28: 521-531

  • DOI: 10.1101/gad.233916.113
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Transcription of DNA to RNA by DNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RNAP) is the first step of gene expression and a major regulation point. Bacteriophages hijack their host's transcription machinery and direct it to serve their needs. The gp39 protein enco ...

    Transcription of DNA to RNA by DNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RNAP) is the first step of gene expression and a major regulation point. Bacteriophages hijack their host's transcription machinery and direct it to serve their needs. The gp39 protein encoded by Thermus thermophilus phage P23-45 binds the host's RNAP and inhibits transcription initiation from its major "-10/-35" class promoters. Phage promoters belonging to the minor "extended -10" class are minimally inhibited. We report the crystal structure of the T. thermophilus RNAP holoenzyme complexed with gp39, which explains the mechanism for RNAP promoter specificity switching. gp39 simultaneously binds to the RNAP β-flap domain and the C-terminal domain of the σ subunit (region 4 of the σ subunit [σ4]), thus relocating the β-flap tip and σ4. The ~45 Å displacement of σ4 is incompatible with its binding to the -35 promoter consensus element, thus accounting for the inhibition of transcription from -10/-35 class promoters. In contrast, this conformational change is compatible with the recognition of extended -10 class promoters. These results provide the structural bases for the conformational modulation of the host's RNAP promoter specificity to switch gene expression toward supporting phage development for gp39 and, potentially, other phage proteins, such as T4 AsiA.


    Organizational Affiliation

    RIKEN Systems and Structural Biology Center, Tsurumi-ku, Yokohama 230-0045, Japan;




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA-directed RNA polymerase subunit alpha
A, B
315Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rpoA
EC: 2.7.7.6
Find proteins for Q5SHR6 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q5SHR6
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA-directed RNA polymerase subunit beta
C
1119Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rpoB
EC: 2.7.7.6
Find proteins for Q8RQE9 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q8RQE9
Entity ID: 3
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA-directed RNA polymerase subunit beta'
D
1524Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rpoC
EC: 2.7.7.6
Find proteins for Q8RQE8 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q8RQE8
Entity ID: 4
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
DNA-directed RNA polymerase subunit omega
E
99Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: rpoZ
EC: 2.7.7.6
Find proteins for Q8RQE7 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q8RQE7
Entity ID: 5
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
RNA polymerase sigma factor
F
423Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579)Mutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: sigA
Find proteins for Q5SKW1 (Thermus thermophilus (strain HB8 / ATCC 27634 / DSM 579))
Go to UniProtKB:  Q5SKW1
Entity ID: 6
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Putative uncharacterized protein
G, H
141Thermus virus P23-45Mutation(s): 0 
Find proteins for A7XX65 (Thermus virus P23-45)
Go to UniProtKB:  A7XX65
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ZN
Query on ZN

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
D
ZINC ION
Zn
PTFCDOFLOPIGGS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 3.6 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.279 
  • R-Value Work: 0.250 
  • Space Group: P 32 2 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 294.442α = 90.00
b = 294.442β = 90.00
c = 223.255γ = 120.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
PHENIXrefinement
PHASERphasing
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2014-03-12
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2015-03-25
    Type: Database references