3WN7

Crystal Structure of Keap1 in Complex with the N-terminal region of the Nrf2 transcription factor


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.57 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.223 
  • R-Value Work: 0.187 

wwPDB Validation 3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history

Literature

Kinetic, thermodynamic, and structural characterizations of the association between Nrf2-DLGex degron and Keap1

Fukutomi, T.Takagi, K.Mizushima, T.Ohuchi, N.Yamamoto, M.

(2014) Mol.Cell.Biol. 34: 832-846

  • DOI: 10.1128/MCB.01191-13

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Transcription factor Nrf2 (NF-E2-related factor 2) coordinately regulates cytoprotective gene expression, but under unstressed conditions, Nrf2 is degraded rapidly through Keap1 (Kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1)-mediated ubiquitination. Nrf2 harb ...

    Transcription factor Nrf2 (NF-E2-related factor 2) coordinately regulates cytoprotective gene expression, but under unstressed conditions, Nrf2 is degraded rapidly through Keap1 (Kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1)-mediated ubiquitination. Nrf2 harbors two Keap1-binding motifs, DLG and ETGE. Interactions between these two motifs and Keap1 constitute a key regulatory nexus for cellular Nrf2 activity through the formation of a two-site binding hinge-and-latch mechanism. In this study, we determined the minimum Keap1-binding sequence of the DLG motif, the low-affinity latch site, and defined a new DLGex motif that covers a sequence much longer than that previously defined. We have successfully clarified the crystal structure of the Keap1-DC-DLGex complex at 1.6 Å. DLGex possesses a complicated helix structure, which interprets well the human-cancer-derived loss-of-function mutations in DLGex. In thermodynamic analyses, Keap1-DLGex binding is characterized as enthalpy and entropy driven, while Keap1-ETGE binding is characterized as purely enthalpy driven. In kinetic analyses, Keap1-DLGex binding follows a fast-association and fast-dissociation model, while Keap1-ETGE binding contains a slow-reaction step that leads to a stable conformation. These results demonstrate that the mode of DLGex binding to Keap1 is distinct from that of ETGE structurally, thermodynamically, and kinetically and support our contention that the DLGex motif serves as a converter transmitting environmental stress to Nrf2 induction as the latch site.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Department of Medical Biochemistry, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan.




Macromolecules

Find similar proteins by: Sequence  |  Structure

Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1
A, L
311Mus musculusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: Keap1 (Inrf2, Kiaa0132)
Find proteins for Q9Z2X8 (Mus musculus)
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9Z2X8
Entity ID: 2
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetails
Peptide from Nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2
B, M
35Mus musculusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: Nfe2l2 (Nrf-2, Nrf2)
Find proteins for Q60795 (Mus musculus)
Go to UniProtKB:  Q60795
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
ACT
Query on ACT

Download SDF File 
Download CCD File 
A, L
ACETATE ION
C2 H3 O2
QTBSBXVTEAMEQO-UHFFFAOYSA-M
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.57 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.223 
  • R-Value Work: 0.187 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length (Å)Angle (°)
a = 66.138α = 90.00
b = 84.394β = 116.89
c = 69.818γ = 90.00
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
MOLREPphasing
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling
REFMACrefinement
HKL-2000data collection

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report or Ramachandran Plots



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History 

  • Version 1.0: 2013-12-25
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2014-07-16
    Type: Database references