3W8W

The crystal structure of EncM


Experimental Data Snapshot

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.95 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.243 
  • R-Value Work: 0.191 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.193 

wwPDB Validation   3D Report Full Report


This is version 1.1 of the entry. See complete history


Literature

Flavin-mediated dual oxidation controls an enzymatic Favorskii-type rearrangement.

Teufel, R.Miyanaga, A.Michaudel, Q.Stull, F.Louie, G.Noel, J.P.Baran, P.S.Palfey, B.Moore, B.S.

(2013) Nature 503: 552-556

  • DOI: 10.1038/nature12643
  • Primary Citation of Related Structures:  
    4XLO, 3W8W, 3W8X, 3W8Z

  • PubMed Abstract: 
  • Flavoproteins catalyse a diversity of fundamental redox reactions and are one of the most studied enzyme families. As monooxygenases, they are universally thought to control oxygenation by means of a peroxyflavin species that transfers a single atom of molecular oxygen to an organic substrate ...

    Flavoproteins catalyse a diversity of fundamental redox reactions and are one of the most studied enzyme families. As monooxygenases, they are universally thought to control oxygenation by means of a peroxyflavin species that transfers a single atom of molecular oxygen to an organic substrate. Here we report that the bacterial flavoenzyme EncM catalyses the peroxyflavin-independent oxygenation-dehydrogenation dual oxidation of a highly reactive poly(β-carbonyl). The crystal structure of EncM with bound substrate mimics and isotope labelling studies reveal previously unknown flavin redox biochemistry. We show that EncM maintains an unexpected stable flavin-oxygenating species, proposed to be a flavin-N5-oxide, to promote substrate oxidation and trigger a rare Favorskii-type rearrangement that is central to the biosynthesis of the antibiotic enterocin. This work provides new insight into the fine-tuning of the flavin cofactor in offsetting the innate reactivity of a polyketide substrate to direct its efficient electrocyclization.


    Organizational Affiliation

    Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093, USA.



Macromolecules
Find similar proteins by:  (by identity cutoff)  |  Structure
Entity ID: 1
MoleculeChainsSequence LengthOrganismDetailsImage
Putative FAD-dependent oxygenase EncMA, B468Streptomyces maritimusMutation(s): 0 
Gene Names: encM
EC: 1.13.12
UniProt
Find proteins for Q9KHK2 (Streptomyces maritimus)
Explore Q9KHK2 
Go to UniProtKB:  Q9KHK2
Protein Feature View
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  • Reference Sequence
Small Molecules
Ligands 1 Unique
IDChainsName / Formula / InChI Key2D Diagram3D Interactions
FAD
Query on FAD

Download Ideal Coordinates CCD File 
C [auth A], D [auth B]FLAVIN-ADENINE DINUCLEOTIDE
C27 H33 N9 O15 P2
VWWQXMAJTJZDQX-UYBVJOGSSA-N
 Ligand Interaction
Experimental Data & Validation

Experimental Data

  • Method: X-RAY DIFFRACTION
  • Resolution: 1.95 Å
  • R-Value Free: 0.243 
  • R-Value Work: 0.191 
  • R-Value Observed: 0.193 
  • Space Group: P 1 21 1
Unit Cell:
Length ( Å )Angle ( ˚ )
a = 71.408α = 90
b = 85.278β = 99.84
c = 79.669γ = 90
Software Package:
Software NamePurpose
ADSCdata collection
MOLREPphasing
REFMACrefinement
HKL-2000data reduction
HKL-2000data scaling

Structure Validation

View Full Validation Report



Entry History 

Deposition Data

Revision History  (Full details and data files)

  • Version 1.0: 2013-10-30
    Type: Initial release
  • Version 1.1: 2013-12-11
    Changes: Database references